|Poverty and Literature 2019|
Lemann, The Promised Land (1991)
* What influence did the environment of the segregated South have upon the people who moved from Clarksdale to Chicago?
* Does Lemann believe that ‘a culture of poverty’ existed in the South?
* What role does the family structure have on the transmission of poverty from generation to generation?
* What impact did the move from the agricultural South to the urban North have on the migrants?
* Would Lemann recommend government intervention to address the problems of poverty which emerged in the cities? If so, how?
Analyze why Lemann chose these people to represent the millions of African-Americans who moved north during the Great Migration:
* Ruby Daniels
* Uless Carter
* Lillian Henry
1. The Mechanical Cotton Picker (3-7) October 1944
* Why was the invention of the mechanical cotton picker truly historic?
2. Sharecropping (7-21)
* The Work (7-8)
o Describe the real work a cotton picker did:
* Ruby's Family History (8-9)
* The Delta (9-11)
o Why is the Delta the richest natural cotton farming land in America?
o Why was it the last land in the South to be settled and cultivated?
o When did the cotton industry peak in the South?
* The Institution of Segregation (1875-90) (11-14)
o What is the racist myth about the origin of sharecropping?
o What happened to the idea of 'forty acres and a mule'?
o What were the real origins of sharecropping?
* Cotton Crash (15)
o When did the great Depression come to the Mississippi Delta?
* The Lure of Job-Rich Chicago (16)
o Compare the amount of money that could be made in Chicago with the top wages Ruby made as a sharecropper.
* Plantation Economy (17-20)
* Psychological Impact
o What psychological impact did sharecropping have on black families?
3. Ruby's Story from 1916-1938 (21-24)
* Describe Ruby's childhood, teenage and early adult years.
4. Racist Attitudes about Sharecroppers (24-28)
5. Sociological Studies of the Sharecropper Family (28-32)
o Charles S. Johnson (1934):
o Powdermaker (1934)
o John Dollard, Caste and Class in a Southern Town (1932)
o W. E. B. DuBois, in The Souls of Blakc Folk (1903):
o E. Franklin Frazier 1920's
o They all assumed that they were seeing the continuation of a pattern of family life that began during slavery
Lemann's Thesis: (31)
* Articulate Lemann's thesis.
6. Ruby in Clarksdale vs. Black Middle Class (1938-44) (32-41)
7. To Move to Chicago? (40-46)
8. White Efforts to Block Emigration End (1940-46) (47-52)
What was David Cohn's prediction in 1947 about the consequences of the Great Migration? (51)
What was Richard Wright's warning in 1941 about the consequences of the Great Migration? (52)
9. Ruby Moves to Chicago (1946) (52-53)
10. Uless Carter Moves to Chicago (1942) (53-58)