and the Beginning
- De- Stalinization: bombshell 1958 speech
- Still a police state, still a wacky economy but a changed state
- More money spent by govt. on housing and other social programs
- Cold War policices against the West
- Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)
- Invasion of Hungary (1956)
- Test Ban Treaty (1963)
- Independence Movements in Africa and Asia (USSR vs. US)
- Arms Race: Sputnik launched
- Sticking with the Stalinist System
- Brezhnev ignores enormous technological changes throughout the West.
- No economic growth with heavy central planning and little initiative for plant managers.
- Brezhnev Doctrine: mirror image of Truman Doctrine: willingness to defend socialism wherever the West threatens it.
of detente: the effort to improve relations with the West by practicing
civility, 'agreeing to disagree', and not allowing differences to drive
the antagonists to war.
- Vietnam, SALT Treaties, Nixon in China
1968 Czech Invasion
1979 Afghan Invasion
Gorbachev Era 1985-91
Perestroika & Glasnost
1988 Withdrawal from
Independence demands in Baltics
Berlin Wall opened
Eastern European Independence
resignation from CPSU & election as President of Russia
1991 Military coup,
Baltic states independent
Dec 8 CIS formed
Dec 25 USSR gone
Yeltsin Era 1991-2000
1992 Shock Therapy
- Prices freed
- Privatization starts
- Russian Congress opposition to
1993 Yeltsin’s tanks
- Elections & ratification of new
1994-96 First Chechen War
1995 Communist Party
gains in election
1996 Yeltsin narrowly defeats Zyuganov
(Communist) for President
1998 Financial Crisis: Collapse of Ruble
1999 Second Chechnya War begins
- Ailing and unpopular, Yeltsin resigns in favor of names 46 yr. old Putin, the low profile head of the FSB
security servie, as his new prime Minister and preferred successor.
- More the 300 civilians die in apartment block blasts in Moscow.
Putin Era 2000- Present
2000 Putin wins the March presidential election with 52.9 percent of the vote.
2002 Nearly 130 hostages die in a Moscow theatre seized by Chechen rebels. The government
- Putin begins restraining oligarchs Vladimir Gusinky and Boris
- Putin closes independent TV station NTV
introduces a new set of anti-terrorism laws restricting the media.
2004 Billionaire oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky arrested on fraud and tax evasion charges..
2006 Journalist Anna Politkovskaya of Novaya Gazeta, whose reporting focused on human rights abuses in Chechnya is assassinated.
- Putin wins a second term with 71.4 percent of the vote.
- More than 330 people, half of them children, killed inattack by Chechen rebels on a school in the southern town
of Beslan. Putin orders crackdown. Within two years rebel leaders Aslan Maskshadov and
Samil Basayev are killed. Large scale rebel resistance
ceases. Parliament passes new
laws changing rules of parliamentary elections and scapping gubanatorial elections, giving Putin sweeping new powers.
2007 In October, Putin informs the public that he will remain in power
after the end of his second presidential term in May 2008 by serving as prime minister and
working together with his handpicked successor as president, Dmitry Medvedev.
2011 In September, Medvedev announces that he will step aside and allow
Putin to run for a new, six-year term as president.