Russian Studies 11/01/07
Century Russia : Reading Guide : Chapter 2
the stuff in paragraphs one & two. (p 25)
2 reasons why Russian revolutionaries were receptive to the ideas of Marx.
of Marx’s Thought
out in your words the two main ideas that Marx took from Hegel. (p 27)
out in your own words the idea that Marx took from Feuerbach’s critique
out in your own words the idea that Marx took from Saint-Simon &
Proudhon that stood Hegel on his head.
in your own words the key elements of Marxism as contained in Marx’s Communist
Manifesto of 1847.
Mode of Production
Exploiter & Exploited
4 Stages of History
Marx and Russia
was nationalism a problem for Marxists?
was Marx’s solution to the problem of the peasants (who were neither
workers nor capitalists)?
was Marx’s solution to the problem that underdeveloped Russia was
theoretically quite unready for a socialist revolution?
Why did Marx turn to the idea
that it was possible that the worldwide revolution might begin in Russia?
The Teachings of
out what the following jargon means –
Interpenetration of opposites
Quantitative changes become
The antithesis of a thesis is
[We will decode Marx’s own words
Material productive forces
determine productive relationships
A class…is a function of the
mode of production
History is the history of class
All questions …can be
answered…by tracing them to “who exploits whom”
History…as a political and
military plan of campaign
The Politics of
sketchy details about post-revolutionary developments did Marx provide?
seems to be Treadgold’s assessment of the efficacy of early Marxist
the principal features of Bernstein’s style of revisionism.
the power of the Marxist movement in the decades after Marx’s death.
Marx, Russia, and
the “Asiatic Mode of Production”
what is this Asiatic Mode of Production that Marx ascribed to Russia?
did Plekhanov and Lenin think that despotism (and, therefore, the mir) was worse than capitalism?
what ways were nationalism and the peasantry difficult for the Marxists?
(Can you find the place where Treadgold plagiarizes himself)
the origin and ideology of the Socialist Revolutionary party.
the issues that divided Bolsheviks and Mensheviks at the Second Congress
of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party.
Lenin’s “imperialism, the highest stage of capitalism” theory.
the conflicting attitude of Bolsheviks and Mensheviks toward “bourgeois
revolution” and “bourgeois liberals”.
Trotsky’s alternative to the Bolshevik or Menshevik line.
were the Bolshevik-Menshevik debates before 1917 mostly of little
how much of Lenin’s early life steered him toward revolutionary
the evidence of Lenin’s single-mindedness.
is Treadgold’s assessment of the relationship between Marx’s thought and
Lenin’s contributions to the Marxist tradition?
are the consequences of Lenin’s revolutionary pessimism (in comparison
the reasons why Lenin accepted Marx’s idea of the necessity of “a
dictatorship of the proletariat.”
did the “dictatorship of the proletariat” trump Lenin’s expectation that
a socialist revolution would lead to democracy?
the creed to which all “progressive” Russians subscribed as the 20th