Michail Bulgakov. The heart of a dog

Copyright 1968 in the English translation by Michael Glenny
Collins and Harvill Press
London, and Harcourt, Brace & World Inc, New York.


Ooow-ow-ooow-owow! Oh, look at me, I'm dying. There's a snowstorm
moaning a requiem for me in this doorway and I'm howling with it. I'm
finished. Some bastard in a dirty white cap - the cook in the office canteen
at the National Economic Council - spilled some boiling water and scalded my
left side. Filthy swine - and a proletarian, too. Christ, it hurts! That
boiling water scalded me right through to the bone. I can howl and howl, but
what's the use?

'What harm was I doing him, anyway? I'm not robbing the National
Economic Council's food supply if I go foraging in their dustbins, am I?
Greedy pig! Just take a look at his ugly mug - it's almost fatter than he
is. Hard-faced crook. Oh people, people. It was midday when that fool doused
me with boiling water, now it's getting dark, must be about four o'clock in
the afternoon judging by the smell of onion coming from the Prechistenka
fire station. Firemen have soup for supper, you know. Not that I care for it
myself. I can manage without soup - don't like mushrooms either. The dogs I
know in Prechistenka Street, by the way, tell me there's a restaurant in
Neglinny Street where they get the chef's special every day - mushroom stew
with relish at 3 roubles and 75 kopecks the portion. All right for
connoisseurs, I suppose. I think eating mushrooms is about as tasty as
licking a pair of galoshes . . . Oow-owowow . . .

My side hurts like hell and I can see just what's going to become of
me. Tomorrow it will break out in ulcers and then how can I make them heal?
In summer you can go and roll in Sokolniki Park where there's a special
grass that does you good. Besides, you can get a free meal of sausage-ends
and there's plenty of greasy bits of food-wrappings to lick. And if it
wasn't for some old groaner singing '0 celeste Aida' out in the moonlight
till it makes you sick, the place would be perfect. But where can I go now?
Haven't I been kicked around enough? Sure I have. Haven't I had enough
bricks thrown at me? Plenty . . . Still, after what I've been through, I can
take a lot. I'm only whining now because of the pain and cold - though I'm
not licked yet ... it takes a lot to keep a good dog down.

But my poor old body's been knocked about by people once too often. The
trouble is that when that cook doused me with boiling water it scalded
through right under my fur and now there's nothing to keep the cold out on
my left side. I could easily get pneumonia - and if I get that, citizens,
I'll die of hunger. When you get pneumonia the only thing to do is to lie up
under someone's front doorstep, and then who's going to run round the
dustbins looking for food for a sick bachelor dog? I shall get a chill on my
lungs, crawl on my belly till I'm so weak that it'll only need one poke of
someone's stick to finish me off. And the dustmen will pick me up by the
legs and sling me on to their cart . . .

Dustmen are the lowest form of proletarian life. Humans' rubbish is the
filthiest stuff there is. Cooks vary - for instance, there was Vlas from
Prechistenka, who's dead now. He saved I don't know how many dogs' lives,
because when you're sick you've simply got to be able to eat and keep your
strength up. And when Vlas used to throw you a bone there was always a good
eighth of an inch of meat on it. He was a great character. God rest his
soul, a gentleman's cook who worked for Count Tolstoy's family and not for
your stinking Food Rationing Board. As for the muck they dish out there as
rations, well it makes even a dog wonder. They make soup out of salt beef
that's gone rotten, the cheats. The poor fools who eat there can't tell the
difference. It's just grab, gobble and gulp.

A typist on salary scale 9 gets 60 roubles a month. Of course her lover
keeps her in silk stockings, but think what she has to put up with in
exchange for silk. He won't just want to make the usual sort of love to her,
he'll make her do it the French way. They're a lot of bastards, those
Frenchmen, if you ask me - though they know how to stuff their guts all
right, and red wine with everything. Well, along comes this little typist
and wants a meal. She can't afford to go into the restaurant on 60 roubles a
month and go to the cinema as well. And the cinema is a woman's one
consolation in life. It's agony for her to have to choose a meal . . . just
think:40 kopecks for two courses, and neither of them is worth more than 15
because the manager has pocketed the other 25 kopecks-worth. Anyhow, is it
the right sort of food for her? She's got a patch on the top of her right
lung, she's having her period, she's had her pay docked at work and they
feed her with any old muck at the canteen, poor girl . . . There she goes
now, running into the doorway in her lover's stockings. Cold legs, and the
wind blows up her belly because even though she has some hair on it like
mine she wears such cold, thin, lacy little pants - just to please her
lover. If she tried to wear flannel ones he'd soon bawl her out for looking
a frump. 'My girl bores me', he'll say, 'I'm fed up with those flannel
knickers of hers, to hell with her. I've made good now and all I make in
graft goes on women, lobsters and champagne. I went hungry often enough as a
kid. So what - you can't take it with you.'

I feel sorry for her, poor thing. But I feel a lot sorrier for myself.
I'm not saying it out of selfishness, not a bit, but because you can't
compare us. She at least has a warm home to go to, but what about me? . . .
Where can I go? Oowow-owow!

'Here, doggy, here, boy! Here, Sharik . . . What are you whining for,
poor little fellow? Did somebody hurt you, then?'

The terrible snowstorm howled around the doorway, buffeting the girl's
ears. It blew her skirt up to her knees, showing her fawn stockings and a
little strip of badly washed lace underwear, drowned her words and covered
the dog in snow.

'My God . . . what weather . . . ugh . . . And my stomach aches. It's
that awful salt beef. When is all this going to end?'

Lowering her head the girl launched into the attack and rushed out of
the doorway. On the street the violent storm spun her like a top, then a
whirlwind of snow spiralled around her and she vanished.

But the dog stayed in the doorway. His scalded flank was so painful
that he pressed himself against the cold wall, gasping for breath, and
decided not to move from the spot. He would die in the doorway. Despair
overcame him. He was so bitter and sick at heart, so lonely and terrified
that little dog's tears, like pimples, trickled down from his eyes, and at
once dried up. His injured side was covered with frozen, dried blood-clots
and between them peeped the angry red patches of the scald. All the fault of
that vicious, thickheaded, stupid cook. 'Sharik' she had called him . . .
What a name to choose! Sharik is the sort of name for a round, fat, stupid
dog that's fed on porridge, a dog with a pedigree, and he was a tattered,
scraggy, filthy stray mongrel with a scalded side.

Across the street the door of a brightly lit store slammed and a
citizen came through it. Not a comrade, but a citizen, or even more likely -
a gentleman. As he came closer it was obvious that he was a gentleman. I
suppose you thought I recognised him by his overcoat? Nonsense. Lots of
proletarians even wear overcoats nowadays. I admit they don't usually have
collars like this one, of course, but even so you can sometimes be mistaken
at a distance. No, it's the eyes: you can't go wrong with those, near or
far. Eyes mean a lot. Like a barometer. They tell you everything - they tell
you who has a heart of stone, who would poke the toe of his boot in your
ribs as soon as look at you - and who's afraid of you. The cowards - they're
the ones whose ankles I like to snap at. If they're scared, I go for them.
Serve them right . . . grrr . . . bow-wow . . .

The gentleman boldly crossed the street in a pillar of whirling snow
and headed for the doorway. Yes, you can tell his sort all right. He
wouldn't eat rotten salt beef, and if anyone did happen to give him any he'd
make a fuss and write to the newspapers - someone has been trying to poison
me - me, Philip Philipovich.

He came nearer and nearer. He's the kind who always eats well and never
steals, he wouldn't kick you, but he's not afraid of anyone either. And he's
never afraid because he always has enough to eat. This man's a brain worker,
with a carefully trimmed, sharp-pointed beard and grey moustaches, bold and
bushy ones like the knights of old. But the smell of him, that came floating
on the wind, was a bad, hospital smell. And cigars.

I wonder why the hell he wants to go into that Co-op? Here he is beside
me . . . What does he want? Oowow, owow . . . What would he want to buy in
that filthy store, surely he can afford to go to the Okhotny Ryad? What's
that he's holding? Sausage. Look sir, if you knew what they put into that
sausage you'd never go near that store. Better give it to me.
The dog gathered the last of his strength and crawled fainting out of
the doorway on to the pavement. The blizzard boomed like gunfire over his
head, flapping a great canvas billboard marked in huge letters, 'Is
Rejuvenation Possible?'

Of course it's possible. The mere smell has rejuvenated me, got me up
off my belly, sent scorching waves through my stomach that's been empty for
two days. The smell that overpowered the hospital smell was the heavenly
aroma of minced horsemeat with garlic and pepper. I feel it, I know -there's
a sausage in his right-hand coat pocket. He's standing over me. Oh, master!
Look at me. I'm dying. I'm so wretched, I'll be your slave for ever!
The dog crawled tearfully forward on his stomach. Look what that cook
did to me. You'll never give me anything, though. I know these rich people.
What good is it to you? What do you want with a bit of rotten old horsemeat?
The Moscow State Food Store only sells muck like that. But you've a good
lunch under your belt, haven't you, you're a world-famous figure thanks to
male sex glands. Oowow-owow . . . What can I do? I'm too young to die yet
and despair's a sin. There's nothing for it, I shall have to lick his hand.
The mysterious gentleman bent down towards the dog, his gold
spectacle-rims flashing, and pulled a long white package out of his
right-hand coat pocket. Without taking off his tan gloves he broke off a
piece of the sausage, which was labelled 'Special Cracower'. And gave it to
the dog. Oh, immaculate personage! Oowow-oowow!

'Here, doggy,' the gentleman whistled, and added sternly, 'Come on!
Take it, Sharik!'

He's christened me Sharik too. Call me what you like. For this you can
do anything you like to me,

In a moment the dog had ripped off the sausage-skin. Mouth watering, he
bit into the Cracower and gobbled it down in two swallows. Tears started to
his eyes as he nearly choked on the string, which in his greed he almost
swallowed. Let me lick your hand again, I'll kiss your boots - you've saved
my life.

'That's enough . . .' The gentleman barked as though giving an order.
He bent over Sharik, stared with a searching look into his eyes and
unexpectedly stroked the dog gently and intimately along the stomach with
his gloved hand.

'Aha,' he pronounced meaningly. 'No collar. Excellent. You're just what
I want. Follow me.' He clicked his fingers. 'Good dog!'

Follow you? To the end of the earth. Kick me with your felt boots and I
won't say a word.

The street lamps were alight all along Prechistenka Street. His flank
hurt unbearably, but for the moment Sharik forgot about it, absorbed by a
single thought: how to avoid losing sight of this miraculous fur-coated
vision in the hurly-burly of the storm and how to show him his love and
devotion. Seven times along the whole length of Prechistenka Street as far
as the cross-roads at Obukhov Street he showed it. At Myortvy Street he
kissed his boot, he cleared the way by barking at a lady and frightened her
into falling flat on the pavement, and twice he gave a howl to make sure the
gentleman still felt sorry for him.

A filthy, thieving stray torn cat slunk out from behind a drainpipe and
despite the snowstorm, sniffed the Cracower. Sharik went blind with rage at
the thought that this rich eccentric who picked up injured dogs in doorways
might take pity on this robber and make him share the sausage. So he bared
his teeth so fiercely that the cat, with a hiss like a leaky hosepipe,
shinned back up the drainpipe right to the second floor. Grrrr! Woof! Gone!
We can't go handing out Moscow State groceries to all the strays loafing
about Prechistenka Street.

The gentleman noticed the dog's devotion as they passed the fire
station window, out of which came the pleasant sound of a French horn, and
rewarded him with a second piece that was an ounce or two smaller.
Queer chap. He's beckoning to me. Don't worry, I'm not going to run
away. I'll follow you wherever you like. 'Here, doggy, here, boy!'
Obukhov Street? OK by me. I know the place - I've been around.

'Here, doggy!'

Here? Sure . . . Hey, no, wait a minute. No. There's a porters on that
block of flats. My worst enemies, porters, much worse than dustmen. Horrible
lot. Worse than cats. Butchers in gold braid.

'Don't be frightened, come on.' 'Good evening, Philip Philipovich.'

'Good evening, Fyodor.'

What a character. I'm in luck, by God. Who is this genius, who can even
bring stray dogs off the street past a porter? Look at the bastard - not a
move, not a word! He looks grim enough, but he doesn't seem to mind, for all
the gold braid on his cap. That's how it should be, too. Knows his place.
Yes, I'm with this gentleman, so you can keep your hands to yourself. What's
that - did he make a move? Bite him. I wouldn't mind a mouthful of homy
proletarian leg. In exchange for the trouble I've had from all the other
porters and all the times they've poked a broom in my face.

'Come on, come on.'

OK, OK, don't worry. I'll go wherever you go. Just show me the way.
I'll be right behind you. Even if my side does hurt like hell.

From hallway up the staircase: 'Were there any letters for me, Fyodor?'

From below, respectfully: 'No sir, Philip Philipovich' (dropping his
voice and adding intimately), 'but they've just moved some more tenants into
No. 3.'

The dog's dignified benefactor turned sharply round on the step, leaned
over the railing and asked in horror: 'Wh-at?'

His eyes went quite round and his moustache bristled.

The porter looked upwards, put his hand to his lips, nodded and said:

'That's right, four of them.'

'My God! I can just imagine what it must be like in that apartment now.

What sort of people are they?'

'Nobody special, sir.'

'And what's Fyodor Pavolovich doing?'

'He's gone to get some screens and a load of bricks. They're going to
build some partitions in the apartment.'

'God - what is the place coming to?'

'Extra tenants are being moved into every apartment, except yours,
Philip Philipovich. There was a meeting the other day; they elected a new
house committee and kicked out the old one.'

'What will happen next? Oh, God . . .

'Come on, doggy.'

I'm coming as fast as I can. My side is giving me trouble, though. Let
me lick your boot.

The porter's gold braid disappeared from the lobby.
Past warm radiators on a marble landing, another flight of stairs and
then - a mezzanine.



Why bother to leam to read when you can smell meat a mile away? If you
live in Moscow, though, and if you've got an ounce of brain in your head you
can't help learning to read -and without going to night-school either. There
are forty-thousand dogs in Moscow and I'll bet there's not one of them so
stupid he can't spell out the word 'sausage'.
Sharik had begun by learning from colours. When he was just four months
old, blue-green signs started appearing all over Moscow with the letters
MSFS - Moscow State Food Stores - which meant a butcher and delicatessen. I
repeat that he had no need to learn his letters because he could smell the
meat anyway. Once he made a bad mistake: trotting up to a bright blue
shop-sign one day when the smell was drowned by car exhaust, instead of a
butcher's shop he ran into the Polubizner Brothers' electrical goods store
on Myasnitzkaya Street. There the brothers taught him all about insulated
cable, which can be sharper than a cabman's whip. This famous occasion may
be regarded as the beginning of Sharik's education. It was here on the
pavement that Sharik began to realise that 'blue' doesn't always mean
'butcher', and as he squeezed his burningly painful tail between his back
legs and howled, he remembered that on every butcher's shop the first letter
on the left was always gold or brown, bow-legged, and looked like a
After that the lessons were rather easier. 'A' he learned from the
barber on the comer of Mokhovaya Street, followed by 'B' (there was always a
policeman standing in front of the last four letters of the word). Corner
shops faced with tiles always meant 'CHEESE' and the black half-moon at the
beginning of the word stood for the name of their former owners 'Chichkin';
they were full of mountains of red Dutch cheeses, salesmen who hated dogs,
sawdust on the floor and reeking Limburger.
If there was accordion music (which was slightly better than 'Celeste
Aida'), and the place smelted of frankfurters, the first letters on the
white signboards very conveniently | spelled out the word 'NOOB', which was
short for 'No obscene language. No tips.' Sometimes at these places fights
would break out, people would start punching each other in the face with
their fists - sometimes even with napkins or boots.
If there were stale bits of ham and mandarin oranges in the window it
meant a grrr . . . grrocery. If there were black bottles full of evil
liquids it was . . . li-li-liquor . . . formerly Eliseyev Bros.
The unknown gentleman had led the dog to the door of his luxurious flat
on the mezzanine floor, and rang the doorbell. The dog at once looked up at
a big, black, gold-lettered nameplate hanging beside a pink frosted-glass
door. He deciphered the first three letters at once: P-R-O- 'Pro . . .', but
after tliat there was a funny tall thing with a cross bar which he did not
know. Surely he's not a proletarian? thought Sharik with amazement... He
can't be. He lifted up his nose, sniffed the fur coat and said firmly to
No, this doesn't smell proletarian. Some high-falutin' word. God knows
what it means.
Suddenly a light flashed on cheerfully behind the pink glass door,
throwing the nameplate into even deeper shadow. The door opened soundlessly
and a beautiful young woman in a white apron and lace cap stood before the
dog and his master. A wave of delicious warmth flowed over the dog and the
woman's skirt smelled of carnations.
This I like, thought the dog.
'Come in, Mr Sharik,' said the gentleman ironically and Sharik
respectfully obeyed, wagging his tail.
A great multitude of objects filled the richly furnished hall. Beside
him was a mirror stretching right down to the floor, which instantly
reflected a second dirty, exhausted Sharik. High up on the wall was a
terrifying pair of antlers, there were countless fur coats and pairs of
galoshes and an electric tulip made of opal glass hanging from the ceiling.
'Where on earth did you get that from, Philip Philipovich?' enquired
the woman, smiling as she helped to take off the heavy brown, blue-flecked
fox-fur coat.
'God, he looks lousy.'
'Nonsense. He doesn't look lousy to me,' said the gentleman abruptly.
With his fur coat off he was seen to be wearing a black suit of English
material; a gold chain across his stomach shone with a dull glow.
'Hold still, boy, keep still doggy . . . keep still you little fool.
H'm . . . that's not lice . . . Stand still, will you . . . H'mm . . . aha -
yes . . . It's a scald. Who was mean enough to throw boiling water over you,
I wonder? Eh? Keep still, will you . . .!'
It was that miserable cook, said the dog with his pitiful eyes and gave
a little whimper.
'Zina,' ordered the gentleman, 'take him into the consulting-room at
once and get me a white coat.'
The woman whistled, clicked her fingers and the dog followed her
slightly hesitantly. Together they walked down a narrow, dimly-lit corridor,
passed a varnished door, reached the end then turned left and arrived in a
dark little room which the dog instantly disliked for its ominous smell. The
darkness clicked and was transformed into blinding white which flashed and
shone from every angle.
Oh, no, the dog whined to himself, you won't catch me as easily as
that! I see it now - to hell with them and their sausage. They've tricked me
into a dogs' hospital. Now they'll force me to swallow castor oil and
they'll cut up my side with knives - well, I won't let them touch it.
'Hey - where are you trying to go?' shouted the girl called Zina.
The animal dodged, curled up like a spring and suddenly hit the door
with his unharmed side so hard that the noise reverberated through the whole
apartment. Then he jumped back, spun around on the spot like a top and in
doing so knocked over a white bucket, spilling wads of cotton wool. As he
whirled round there flashed past him shelves full of glittering instruments,
a white apron and a furious woman's face.
'You little devil,' cried Zina in desperation, 'where d'you think
you're going?'
Where's the back door? the dog wondered. He swung round, rolled into a
ball and hurled himself bullet-fashion at a glass in the hope that it was
another door. With a crash and a tinkle a shower of splinters fell down and
a pot-bellied glass jar of some reddish-brown filth shot out and poured
itself over the floor, giving off a sickening stench. The real door swung
'Stop it, you little beast,' shouted the gentleman as he rushed in
pulling on one sleeve of his white coat. He seized the dog by the legs.
'Zina, grab him by the scruff of the neck, damn him.' 'Oh - these dogs . .
The door opened wider still and another person of the male sex dashed
in, also wearing a white coat. Crunching over the broken glass he went past
the dog to a cupboard, opened it and the whole room was filled with a sweet,
nauseating smell. Then the person turned the animal over on his back, at
which the dog enthusiastically bit him just above his shoelaces. The person
groaned but kept his head. The nauseating liquid choked the dog's breathing
and his head began to spin, then his legs collapsed and he seemed to be
moving sideways. This is it, he thought dreamily as he collapsed on to the
sharp slivers of glass. Goodbye, Moscow! I shan't see Chichkin or the
proletarians or Cracow sausages again. I'm going to the heaven for
long-suffering dogs. You butchers - why did you have to do this to me? With
that he finally collapsed on to his back and passed out.
When he awoke he felt slightly dizzy and sick to his stomach. His
injured side did not seem to be there at all, but was blissfully painless.
The dog opened a languid right eye and saw out of its corner that he was
tightly bandaged all around his flanks and belly. So those sons of bitches
did cut me up, he thought dully, but I must admit they've made a neat job of
. . . "from Granada to Seville . . . those soft southern nights" . . .'
a muzzy, falsetto voice sang over his head.
Amazed, the dog opened both eyes wide and saw two yards away a man's
leg propped up on a stool. Trousers and sock had been rolled back and the
yellow, naked ankle was smeared with dried blood and iodine.
Swine! thought the dog. He must be the one I bit, so that's my doing.
Now there'll be trouble.
'. . . "the murmur of sweet serenades, the clink of Spanish blades . .
." Now, you little tramp, why did you bite the doctor? Eh? Why did you break
all that glass? M'm?' Oowow, whined the dig miserably. 'All right, lie back
and relax, naughty boy.' 'However did you manage to entice such a nervous,
excitable dog into following you here, Philip Philipovich?' enquired a
pleasant male voice, and a long knitted underpant lowered itself to the
ground. There was a smell of tobacco, and glass phials tinkled in the
'By kindness. The only possible method when dealing with a living
creature. You'll get nowhere with an animal if you use terror, no matter
what its level of development may be. That I have maintained, do maintain
and always will maintain. People who think you can use terror are quite
wrong. No, terror's useless, whatever its colour - white, red or even brown!
Terror completely paralyses the nervous system. Zina! I bought this little
scamp some Cracow sausage for 1 rouble 40 kopecks. Please see that he is fed
when he gets over his nausea.'
There was a crunching noise as glass splinters were swept up and a
woman's voice said teasingly: 'Cracower! Goodness, you ought to buy him
twenty kopecks-worth of scraps from the butcher. I'd rather eat the Cracower
'You just try! That stuff's poison for human stomachs. A grown woman
and you're ready to poke anything into your mouth like a child. Don't you
dare! I warn you that neither I nor Doctor Bormenthal will lift a finger for
you when your stomach finally gives out . . .'
Just then a bell tinkled all through the flat and from far away in the
hall came the sound of voices. The telephone rang. Zina disappeared.
Philip Philipovich threw his cigar butt into the bucket, buttoned up
his white coat, smoothed his bushy moustache in front of a mirror on the
wall and called the dog.
'Come on, boy, you'll be all right. Let's go and see our visitors.'
The dog stood up on wobbly legs, staggered and shivered but quickly
felt better and set off behind the napping hem of Philip Philipovich's coat.
Again the dog walked down the narrow corridor, but saw that this time it was
brightly lit from above by a round cut-glass lamp in the ceiling. When the
varnished door opened he trotted into Philip Philipovich's study. Its luxury
blinded him. Above all it was blazing with light: there was a light hanging
from the moulded ceiling, a light on the desk, lights on the walls, lights
on the glass-fronted cabinets. The light poured over countless knick-knacks,
of which the most striking was an enormous owl perched on a branch fastened
to the wall.
'Lie down,' ordered Philip Philipovich.
The carved door at the other end of the room opened and in came the
doctor who had been bitten. In the bright light he now looked very young and
handsome, with a pointed beard. He put down a sheet of paper and said: 'The
same as before . . .'
Then he silently vanished and Philip Philipovich, spreading his
coat-tails, sat down behind the huge desk and immediately looked extremely
dignified and important.
No, this can't be a hospital, I've landed up somewhere else, the dog
thought confusedly and stretched out on the patterned carpet beside a
massive leather-covered couch. I wish I knew what that owl was doing here .
. .
The door gently opened and in came a man who looked so extraordinary
that the dog gave a timid yelp . . .
'Shut up! . . . My dear fellow, I hardly recognised you!'
Embarrassed, the visitor bowed politely to Philip Philipovich and
giggled nervously.
'You're a wizard, a magician, professor!' he said bashfully.
'Take down your trousers, old man,' ordered Philip Philip-ovich and
stood up.
Christ, thought the dog, what a sight! The man's hair was completely
green, although at the back it shaded off into a brownish tobacco colour,
wrinkles covered his face yet his complexion was as pink as a boy's. His
left leg would not bend and had to be dragged across the carpet, but his
right leg was as springy as a jack-in-the-box. In the buttonhole of his
superb jacket there shone, like an eye, a precious stone.
The dog was so fascinated that he even forgot his nausea. Oow-ow, he
whined softly.
'Quiet! . . . How have you been sleeping!'
The man giggled. 'Are we alone, professor? It's indescribable,' said
the visitor coyly. 'Parole d'honneur - I haven't known anything like it for
twenty-five years . . .' the creature started struggling with his flybuttons
. . . 'Would you believe it, professor - hordes of naked girls every night.
I am absolutely entranced. You're a magician.'
'H'm,' grunted Philip Philipovich, preoccupied as he stared into the
pupils of his visitor's eyes. The man finally succeeded in mastering his
flybuttons and took off his checked trousers, revealing the most
extraordinary pair of pants. They were cream-coloured, embroidered with
black silk cats and they smelled of perfume.
The dog could not resist the cats and gave such a bark that the man
'Quiet - or I'll beat you! . . . Don't worry, he won't bite.'
Won't I? thought the dog in amazement.
Out of the man's trouser pocket a little envelope fell to the floor. It
was decorated with a picture of a naked girl with flowing hair. He gave a
start, bent down to pick it up and blushed violently.
'Look here,' said Philip Philipovich in a tone of grim warning, wagging
a threatening finger, 'you shouldn't overdo it, you know.'
'I'm not overdo . . .' the creature muttered in embarrassment as he
went on undressing. 'It was just a sort of experiment.'
'Well, what were the results?' asked Philip Philipovich sternly.
The man waved his hand in ecstasy. 'I swear to God, professor, I
haven't known anything like it for twenty-five years. The last time was in
1899 in Paris, in the Rue de la Paix.'
'And why have you turned green?'
The visitor's face clouded over. 'That damned stuff! You'd never
believe, professor, what those rogues palmed off on me instead of dye. Just
take a look,' the man muttered, searching for a mirror. 'I'd like to punch
him on the snout,' he added in a rage. 'What am I to do now, professor?' he
asked tearfully.
'H'm. Shave all your hair off.'
'But, professor,' cried the visitor miserably, 'then it would only grow
grey again. Besides, I daren't show my face at the office like this. I
haven't been there for three days. Ah, professor, if only you had discovered
a way of rejuvenating hair!'
'One thing at a time, old man, one thing at a time,' muttered Philip
Philipovich. Bending down, his glittering eyes examined the patient's naked
'Splendid, everything's in great shape. To tell you the truth I didn't
even expect such results. You can get dressed now.'
' "Ah, she's so lovely . . ." ' sang the patient in a voice that
quavered like the sound of someone hitting an old, cracked saucepan.
Beaming, he started to dress. When he was ready he skipped across the floor
in a cloud of perfume, counted out a heap of white banknotes on the
professor's desk and shook him tenderly by both hands.
'You needn't come back for two weeks,' said Philip Philipovich, 'but I
must beg you - be careful.'
The ecstaticvoice replied from behind thedoor: 'Don't worry,
professor.' The creature gave a delighted giggle and went. The doorbell
tinkled through the apartment and the varnished door opened, admitting the
other doctor, who handed Philip Philipovich a sheet of paper and announced:
'She has lied about her age. It's probably about fifty or fifty-five.
Heart-beats muffled.'
He disappeared, to be succeeded by a rustling lady with a hat planted
gaily on one side of her head and with a glittering necklace on her slack,
crumpled neck. There were black bags under her eyes and her cheeks were as
red as a painted doll. She was extremely nervous.
'How old are you, madam?' enquired Philip Philipovich with great
Frightened, the lady paled under her coating of rouge. 'Professor, I
swear that if you knew the agony I've been going through . . .!'
'How old are you, madam?' repeated Philip Philipovich even more
'Honestly . . . well, forty-five . . .'
'Madam,' groaned Philip Philipovich, I am a busy man. Please don't
waste my time. You're not my only patient, you know.'
The lady's bosom heaved violently. 'I've come to you, a great scientist
... I swear to you - it's terrible . . .'
'How old are you?' Philip Philipovich screeched in fury, his spectacles
'Fifty-one!' replied the lady, wincing with terror.
'Take off your underwear, please,' said Philip Philipovich with relief,
and pointed to a high white examination table in the comer.
'I swear, professor,' murmured the lady as with trembling fingers she
unbuttoned the fasteners on her belt, 'this boy Moritz ... I honestly admit
to you . . .'
' "From Granada to Seville . . ." ' Philip Philipovich hummed
absentmindedly and pressed the foot-pedal of his marble washbasin. There was
a sound of running water.
'I swear to God,' said the lady, patches of real colour showing through
the rouge on her cheeks, 'this will be my last affair. Oh, he's such a
brute! Oh, professor! All Moscow knows he's a card-sharper and he can't
resist any little tart of a dressmaker who catches his eye. But he's so
deliciously young . . .'As she talked the lady pulled out a crumpled blob of
lace from under her rustling skirts.
A mist came in front of the dog's eyes and his brain turned a
somersault. To hell with you, he thought vaguely, laying his head on his
paws and closing his eyes with embarrassment. I'm not going to try and guess
what all this is about -it's beyond me, anyway.
He was wakened by a tinkling sound and saw that Philip Philipovich had
tossed some little shining tubes into a basin.
The painted lady, her hands pressed to her bosom, was gazing hopefully
at Philip Philipovich. Frowning impressively he had sat down at his desk and
was writing something.
'I am going to implant some monkey's ovaries into you, madam,' he
announced with a stern look.
'Oh, professor - not monkey's ?'
'Yes,' replied Philip Philipovich inexorably.

'When will you operate?' asked the lady in a weak voice, turning pale.
' ". . . from Granada to Seville . . ." H'm ... on Monday. You must go
into hospital on Monday morning. My assistant will prepare you.'
'Oh, dear. I don't want to go into hospital. Couldn't you operate here,
'I only operate here in extreme cases. It would be very expensive - 500
'I'll pay, professor!'
Again came the sound of running water, the feathered hat swayed out, to
be replaced by a head as bald as a dinner-plate which embraced Philip
Philipovich. As his nausea passed, the dog dozed off, luxuriating in the
warmth and the sense of relief as his injury healed. He even snored a little
and managed to enjoy a snatch of a pleasant dream - he dreamed he had torn a
whole tuft of feathers out of the owl's tail . . . until an agitated voice
started yapping above his head.
'I'm too well known in Moscow, professor. What am I to do?'
'Really,' cried Philip Philipovich indignantly, 'you can't behave like
that. You must restrain yourself. How old is she?'
'Fourteen, professor . . . The scandal would ruin me, you see. I'm due
to go abroad on official business any day now.'
'I'm afraid I'm not a lawyer . . . you'd better wait a couple of years
and then marry her.'
'I'm married already, professor.'
'Oh, lord!'
The door opened, faces changed, instruments clattered and Philip
Philipovich worked on unceasingly.
This place is indecent, thought the dog, but I like it! What the hell
can he want me for, though? Is he just going to let me live here? Maybe he's
eccentric. After all, he could get a pedigree dog as easy as winking.
Perhaps I'm good-looking! What luck. As for that stupid owl . . . cheeky
The dog finally woke up late in the evening when the bells had stopped
ringing and at the very moment when the door admitted some special visitors.
There were four of them at once, all young people and all extremely modestly
What's all this? thought the dog in astonishment. Philip Philipovich
treated these visitors with considerable hostility. He stood at his desk,
staring at them like a general confronting the enemy. The nostrils of his
hawk-like nose were dilated. The party shuffled awkwardly across the carpet.
'The reason why we've come to see you, professor . . .' began one of
them, who had a six-inch shock of hair sprouting straight out of his head.
'You ought not to go out in this weather without wearing galoshes,
gentlemen,' Philip Philipovich interrupted in a schoolmasterish voice.
'Firstly you'll catch cold and secondly you've muddied my carpets and all my
carpets are Persian.'
The young man with the shock of hair broke off, and all four stared at
Philip Philipovich in consternation. The silence lasted several minutes and
was only broken by the drumming of Philip Philipovich's fingers on a painted
wooden platter on his desk.
'Firstly, we're not gentlemen,' the youngest of them, with a face like
a peach, said finally.
'Secondly,' Philip Philipovich interrupted him, 'are you a man or a
The four were silent again and their mouths dropped open. This time the
shock-haired young man pulled himself together.
'What difference does it make, comrade?' he asked proudly.
'I'm a woman,' confessed the peach-like youth, who was wearing a
leather jerkin, and blushed heavily. For some reason one of the others, a
fair young man in a sheepskin hat, also turned bright red.
'In that case you may leave your cap on, but I must ask you, my dear
sir, to remove your headgear,' said Philip Philipovich imposingly.
'I am not your dear sir,' said the fair youth sharply, pulling off his
sheepskin hat.
'We have come to see you,' the dark shock-headed boy began again.
'First of all - who are 'we'?'
'We are the new management committee of this block of flats,' said the
dark youth with suppressed fury. 'I am Shvonder, her name is Vyazemskaya and
these two are comrades Pestrukhin and Sharovkyan. So we . . .'
'Are you the people who were moved in as extra tenants into Fyodor
Pavlovich Sablin's apartment?' 'Yes, we are,' replied Shvonder.
'God, what is this place coming to!' exclaimed Philip Philipovich in
despair and wrung his hands. 'What are you laughing for, professor?' 'What
do you mean - laughing? I'm in absolute despair,' shouted Philip
Philipovich. 'What's going to become of the central heating now?'
'Are you making fun of us. Professor Preobrazhensky?' 'Why have you
come to see me? Please be as quick as possible. I'm just going in to
'We, the house management,' said Shvonder with hatred, 'have come to
see you as a result of a general meeting of the tenants of this block, who
are charged with the problem of increasing the occupancy of this house . .
.' 28

'What d'you mean - charged?' cried Philip Philipovich. 'Please try and
express yourself more clearly.'
'We are charged with increasing the occupancy.'
'All right, I understand! Do you realise that under the regulation of
August 12th this year my apartment is exempt from any increase in
'We know that,' replied Shvonder, 'but when the general meeting had
examined this question it came to the conclusion that taken all round you
are occupying too much space. Far too much. You are living, alone, in seven
'I live and work in seven rooms,' replied Philip Philipovich, 'and I
could do with eight. I need a room for a library.'
The four were struck dumb.
'Eight! Ha, ha!' said the hatless fair youth. 'That's rich, that is!'
'It's indescribable!' exclaimed the youth who had turned out to be a
'I have a waiting-room, which you will notice also has to serve as my
library, a dining-room, and my study - that makes three. Consulting-room -
four, operating theatre -five. My bedroom - six, and the servant's room
makes seven. It's not really enough. But that's not the point. My apartment
is exempt, and our conversation is therefore at an end. May I go and have
'Excuse me,' said the fourth, who looked like a fat beetle.
'Excuse me,' Shvonder interrupted him, 'but it was just because of your
dining-room and your consulting-room that we came to see you. The general
meeting requests you, as a matter of labour discipline, to give up your
dining-room voluntarily. No one in Moscow has a dining-room.'
'Not even Isadora Duncan,' squeaked the woman. Something happened to
Philip Philipovich which made his face turn gently purple. He said nothing,
waiting to hear what came next.
'And give up your consulting-room too,' Shvonder went on. ' You can
easily combine your consulting-room with your study.'
'Mm'h,' said Philip Philipovich in a strange voice. 'And where am I
supposed to eat?'
'In the bedroom,' answered the four in chorus.
Philip Philipovich's purple complexion took on a faintly grey tinge.
'So I can eat in the bedroom,' he said in a slightly muffled voice,
'read in the consulting-room, dress in the hall, operate in the maid's room
and examine patients in the dining-room. I expect that is what Isadora
Duncan does. Perhaps she eats in her study and dissects rabbits in the
bathroom. Perhaps. But I'm not Isadora Duncan. . . !' he turned yellow. 'I
shall eat in the dining-room and operate in the operating theatre! Tell that
to the general meeting, and meanwhile kindly go and mind your own business
and allow me to have my supper in the place where all normal people eat. I
mean in the dining-room - not in the hall and not in the nursery.'
'In that case, professor, in view of your obstinate refusal,' said the
furious Shvonder, 'we shall lodge a complaint about you with higher
'Aha,' said Philip Philipovich, 'so that's your game, is it?' And his
voice took on a suspiciously polite note. 'Please wait one minute.'
What a man, thought the dog with delight, he's just like me. Any minute
now and he'll bite them. I don't know how, but he'll bite them all right ...
Go on! Go for 'em! I could just get that long-legged swine in the tendon
behind his knee . . . ggrrr . . .
Philip Philipovich lifted the telephone receiver, dialled and said into
it: 'Please give me . . . yes . . . thank you. Put me through to Pyotr
Alexandrovich, please. Professor Preobraz-hensky speaking. Pyotr
Alexandrovich? Hello, how are you? I'm so glad I was able to get you.
Thanks, I'm fine. Pyotr Alexandrovich, I'm afraid your operation is
cancelled. What? Cancelled. And so are all my other operations. I'll tell
you why:
I am not going to work in Moscow, in fact I'm not going to work in
Russia any longer . . . I am just having a visit from four people, one of
whom is a woman disguised as a man, and two of whom are armed with
revolvers. They are terrorising me in my own apartment and threatening to
evict me.'
'Hey, now, professor . . .' began Shvonder, his expression changing.
'Excuse me ... I can't repeat all they've been saying. I can't make
sense of it, anyway. Roughly speaking they have told me to give up my
consulting-room, which will oblige me to operate in the room I have used
until now for dissecting rabbits. I not only cannot work under such
conditions - I have no right to. So I am closing down my practice, shutting
up my apartment and going to Sochi. I will give the keys to Shvonder. He can
operate for me.'
The four stood rigid. The snow was melting on their boots. 'Can't be
helped, I'm afraid . . . Of course I'm very upset, but ... What? Oh, no,
Pyotr Alexandrovich! Oh, no. That I must flatly refuse. My patience has
snapped. This is the second time since August . . . What? H'm . . . All
right, if you like. I suppose so. Only this time on one condition: I don't
care who issues it, when they issue it or what they issue, provided it's the
sort of certificate which will mean that neither Shvonder nor anyone else
can so much as knock on my door. The ultimate in certificates. Effective.
Real. Armour-plated! I don't even want my name on it. The end. As far as
they are concerned, I am dead. Yes, yes. Please do. Who? Aha . . . well,
that's another matter. Aha . . . good. I'll just hand him the receiver.
Would you mind,' Philip Philipovich spoke to Shvonder in a voice like a
snake's, 'you're wanted on the telephone.'
'But, professor,' said Shvonder, alternately flaring up and cringing,
'what you've told him is all wrong' -
'Please don't speak to me like that.'
Shvonder nervously picked up the receiver and said:
'Hello. Yes ... I'm the chairman of the house management committee . .
. We were only acting according to the regulations . . . the professor is an
absolutely special case . . . Yes, we know about his work . . . We were
going to leave him five whole rooms . . . Well, OK ... if that's how it is
... OK.'
Very red in the face, he hung up and turned round.
What a fellow! thought the dog rapturously. Does he know how to handle
them! What's his secret, I wonder? He can beat me as much as he likes now -
I'm not leaving this place!'
The three young people stared open-mouthed at the wretched Shvonder.
'This is a disgrace!' he said miserably.
'If that Pyotr Alexandrovich had been here,' began the woman, reddening
with anger, 'I'd have shown him . . .'
'Excuse me, would you like to talk to him now?' enquired Philip
Philipovich politely.
The woman's eyes flashed.
'You can be as sarcastic as you like, professor, but we're going now .
. . Still, as manager of the cultural department of this house . . .'
' Manager,' Philip Philipovich corrected her.
'I want to ask you' - here the woman pulled a number of coloured
magazines wet with snow, from out of the front of her tunic - 'to buy a few
of these magazines in aid of the children of Germany. 50 kopecks a copy.'
'No, I will not,' said Philip Philipovich curtly after a glance at the
Total amazement showed on the faces, and the girl turned
'Why not?'
'I don't want to.'
'Don't you feel sorry for the children of Germany?'
'Yes, I do.'
'Can't you spare 50 kopecks?'
'Yes, I can.'
'Well, why won't you, then?'
'I don't want to.'
'You know, professor,' said the girl with a deep sigh, 'if you weren't
world-famous and if you weren't being protected by certain people in the
most disgusting way,' (the fair youth tugged at the hem of her jerkin, but
she brushed him away), 'which we propose to investigate, you should be
'What for?' asked Philip Philipovich with curiosity.
'Because you hate the proletariat!' said the woman proudly.
'You're right, I don't like the proletariat,' agreed Philip Philipovich
sadly, and pressed a button. A bell rang in the distance. The door opened on
to the corridor.
'Zina!' shouted Philip Philipovich. 'Serve the supper, please. Do you
mind, ladies and gentlemen?'
Silently the four left the study, silently they trooped down the
passage and through the hall. The front door closed loudly and heavily
behind them.
The dog rose on his hind legs in front of Philip Philipovich and
performed obeisance to him.


On gorgeous flowered plates with wide black rims lay thin slices of
salmon and soused eel; a slab of over-ripe cheese on a heavy wooden platter,
and in a silver bowl packed around with snow - caviare. Beside the plates
stood delicate glasses and three crystal decanters of different-coloured
vodkas. All these objects were on a small marble table, handily placed
beside the huge carved oak sideboard which shone with glass and silver. In
the middle of the room was a table, heavy as a gravestone and covered with a
white tablecloth set with two places, napkins folded into the shape of papal
tiaras, and three dark bottles.
Zina brought in a covered silver dish beneath which something bubbled.
The dish gave off such a smell that the dog's mouth immediately filled with
saliva. The gardens of Semiramis! he thought as he thumped the floor with
his tail.
'Bring it here,' ordered Philip Philipovich greedily. 'I beg you,
Doctor Bormenthal, leave the caviare alone. And if you want a piece of good
advice, don't touch the English vodka but drink the ordinary Russian stuff.'
The handsome Bormenthal - who had taken off his white coat and was
wearing a smart black suit - shrugged his broad shoulders, smirked politely
and poured out a glass of clear vodka.
'What make is it?' he enquired.
'Bless you, my dear fellow,' replied his host, 'it's pure alcohol.
Darya Petrovna makes the most excellent homemade vodka.'
'But surely, Philip Philipovich, everybody says that 30-degree vodka is
quite good enough.'
'Vodka should be at least 40 degrees, not 30 - that's firstly,' Philip
Philipovich interrupted him didactically, 'and secondly - God knows what
muck they make into vodka nowadays. What do you think they use?'
'Anything they like,' said the other doctor firmly.
'I quite agree,' said Philip Philipovich and hurled the contents of his
glass down his throat in one gulp. 'Ah . . . m'm . . . Doctor Bormenthal -
please drink that at once and if you ask me what it is, I'm your enemy for
life. "From Granada to Seville . . ." '
With these words he speared something like a little piece of black
bread on his silver fish-fork. Bormenthal followed his example. Philip
Philipovich's eyes shone.
'Not bad, eh?' asked Philip Philipovich, chewing. 'Is it? Tell me,
'It's excellent,' replied the doctor sincerely.
'So I should think . . . Kindly note, Ivan Arnoldovich, that the only
people who eat cold hors d'oeuvres nowadays are the few remaining landlords
who haven't had their throats cut. Anybody with a spark of self-respect
takes his hors d'oeuvres hot. And of all the hot hors d'oeuvres in Moscow
this is the best. Once they used to do them magnificently at the Slavyansky
Bazaar restaurant. There, you can have some too.'
'If you feed a dog at table,' said a woman's voice, 'you won't get him
out of here afterwards for love or money.'
'I don't mind. The poor thing's hungry.' On the point of his fork
Pliilip Philipovich handed the dog a tit-bit, which the animal took with the
dexterity of a conjuror. The professor then threw the fork with a clatter
into the slop-basin.
The dishes now steamed with an odour of lobster; the dog sat in the
shadow of the tablecloth with the look of a sentry by a powder magazine as
Philip Philipovich, thrusting the end of a thick napkin into his collar,
boomed on:
'Food, Ivan Arnoldovich, is a subtle thing. One must know how to eat,
yet just think - most people don't know how to eat at all. One must not only
know what to eat, but when and how.' (Philip Philipovich waved his fork
meaningfully.) 'And what to say while you're eating. Yes, my dear sir. If
you care about your digestion, my advice is - don't talk about bolshevism or
medicine at table. And, God forbid - never read Soviet newspapers before
'M'mm . . . But there are no other newspapers.'
'In that case don't read any at all. Do you know I once made thirty
tests in my clinic. And what do you think? The patients who never read
newspapers felt excellent. Those whom I specially made read Pravda all lost
'H'm . . .' rejoined Bormenthal with interest, turning gently pink from
the soup and the wine.
'And not only did they lose weight. Their knee reflexes were retarded,
they lost appetite and exhibited general depression.'
'Good heavens . . .'
'Yes, my dear sir. But listen to me - I'm talking about medicine!'
Leaning back, Philip Philipovich rang the bell and Zina appeared
through the cerise portiere. The dog was given a thick, white piece of
sturgeon, which he did not like, then immediately afterwards a chunk of
underdone roast beef. When he had gulped it down the dog suddenly felt that
he wanted to sleep and could not bear the sight of any more food. Strange
feeling, he thought, blinking his heavy eyelids, it's as if my eyes won't
look at food any longer. As for smoking after they've eaten - that's crazy.
The dining-room was filling with unpleasant blue smoke. The animal
dozed, its head on its forepaws. 'Saint Julien is a very decent wine,' the
dog heard sleepily, 'but there's none of it to be had any more.'
A dull mutter of voices in chorus, muffled by the ceiling and carpets,
was heard coming from above and to one side.
Philip Philipovich rang for Zina. 'Zina my dear, what's that noise?'
'They're having another general meeting, Philip Philipovich,' replied
'What, again?' exclaimed Philip Philipovich mournfully. 'Well, this is
the end of this house. I'll have to go away -but where to? I can see exactly
what'll happen. First of all there'll be community singing in the evening,
then the pipes will freeze in the lavatories, then the central heating
boiler will blow up and so on. This is the end.'
'Philip Philipovich worries himself to death,' said Zina with a smile
as she cleared away a pile of plates.
'How can I help it?' exploded Philip Philipovich. 'Don't you know what
this house used to be like?'
'You take too black a view of things, Philip Philipovich,' objected the
handsome Bormenthal. 'There is a considerable change for the better now.'
'My dear fellow, you know me, don't you? I am a man of facts, a man who
observes. I'm the enemy of unsupported hypotheses. And I'm known as such not
only in Russia but in Europe too. If I say something, that means that it is
based on some fact from which I draw my conclusions. Now there's a fact for
you: there is a hat-stand and a rack for boots and galoshes in this house.'
'Interesting . . .'
Galoshes - hell. Who cares about galoshes, thought the dog, but he's a
great fellow all the same.
'Yes, a rack for galoshes. I have been living in this house since 1903.
And from then until March 1917 there was not one case - let me underline in
red pencil not one case - of a single pair of galoshes disappearing from
that rack even when the front door was open. There are, kindly note, twelve
flats in this house and a constant stream of people coming to my
consulting-rooms. One fine day in March 1917 all the galoshes disappeared,
including two pairs of mine, three walking sticks, an overcoat and the
porter's samovar. And since then the rack has ceased to exist. And I won't
mention the boiler. The rule apparently is - once a social revolution takes
place there's no need to stoke the boiler. But I ask you: why, when this
whole business started, should everybody suddenly start clumping up and down
the marble staircase in dirty galoshes and felt boots? Why must we now keep
our galoshes under lock and key? And put a soldier on guard over them to
prevent them from being stolen? Why has the carpet been removed from the
front staircase? Did Marx forbid people to keep their staircases carpeted?
Did Karl Marx say anywhere that the front door of No. 2 Kalabukhov House in
Prechistenka Street must be boarded up so that people have to go round and
come in by the back door? WTiat good does it do anybody? Why can't the
proletarians leave their galoshes downstairs instead of dirtying the
'But the proletarians don't have any galoshes, Philip Philipovich,'
stammered the doctor.
'Nothing of the sort!' replied Philip Philipovich in a voice of
thunder, and poured himself a glass of wine. 'H'mm ... I don't approve of
liqueurs after dinner. They weigh on the digestion and are bad for the liver
. . . Nothing of the sort! The proletarians do have galoshes now and those
galoshes are - mine! The very ones that vanished in the spring of 1917. Who
removed them, you may ask? Did I remove them? Impossible. The bourgeois
Sablin?' (Philip Philipovich pointed upwards to the ceiling.) 'The very
idea's laughable. Polozov, the sugar manufacturer?' (Philip Philipovich
pointed to one side.) 'Never! You see? But if they'd only take them off when
they come up the staircase!' (Philip Philipovich started to turn purple.)
'Why on earth do they have to remove the flowers from the landing? Why does
the electricity, which to the best of my recollection has only failed twice
in the past twenty years, now go out regularly once a month? Statistics,
Doctor Bormenthal, are terrible things. You who know my latest work must
realise that better than anybody.' 'The place is going to ruin, Philip
'No,' countered Philip Philipovich quite firmly. 'No. You must first of
all refrain, my dear Ivan Arnoldovich, from using that word. It's a mirage,
a vapour, a fiction,' Philip Philipovich spread out his short fingers,
producing a double shadow like two skulls on the tablecloth. 'What do you
mean by ruin? An old woman with a broomstick? A witch who smashes all the
windows and puts out all the lights? No such thing. What do you mean by that
word?' Philip Philipovich angrily enquired of an unfortunate cardboard duck
hanging upside down by the sideboard, then answered the question himself.
'I'll tell you what it is: if instead of operating every evening I were to
start a glee club in my apartment, that would mean that I was on the road to
ruin. If when I go to the lavatory I don't pee, if you'll excuse the
expression, into the bowl but on to the floor instead and if Zina and Darya
Petrovna were to do the same thing, the lavatory would be ruined. Ruin,
therefore, is not caused by lavatories but it's something that starts in
people's heads. So when these clowns start shouting "Stop the ruin!" - I
laugh!' (Philip Philipovich's face became so distorted that the doctor's
mouth fell open.) 'I swear to you, I find it laughable! Every one of them
needs to hit himself on the back of the head and then when he has knocked
all the hallucinations out of himself and gets on with sweeping out
backyards - which is his real job - all this "ruin" will automatically
disappear. You can't serve two gods! You can't sweep the dirt out of the
tram tracks and settle the fate of the Spanish beggars at the same time! No
one can ever manage it, doctor - and above all it can't be done by people
who are two hundred years behind the rest of Europe and who so far can't
even manage to do up their own fly-buttons properly!'
Philip Philipovich had worked himself up into a frenzy. His hawk-like
nostrils were dilated. Fortified by his ample dinner he thundered like an
ancient prophet and his hair shone like a silver halo.
His words sounded to the sleepy dog like a dull subterranean rumble. At
first he dreamed uneasily that the owl with its stupid yellow eyes had
hopped off its branch, then he dreamed about the vile face of that cook in
his dirty white cap, then of Philip Philipovich's dashing moustaches sharply
lit by electric light from the lampshade. The dreamy sleigh-ride came to an
end as the mangled piece of roast beef, floating in gravy, stewed away in
the dog's stomach.
He could earn plenty of money by talking at political meetings, the dog
thought sleepily. That was a great speech. Still, he's rolling in money
'A policeman!' shouted Philip Philipovich. 'A policeman!'
Policeman? Ggrrr ... - something snapped inside the dog's brain.
'Yes, a policeman! Nothing else will do. Doesn't matter whether he
wears a number or a red cap. A policeman should be posted alongside every
person in the country with the job of moderating the vocal outbursts of our
honest citizenry. You talk about ruin. I tell you, doctor, that nothing will
change for the better in this house, or in any other house for that matter,
until you can make these people stop talking claptrap! As soon as they put
an end to this mad chorus the situation will automatically change for the
'You sound like a counter-revolutionary, Philip Philipovich,' said the
doctor jokingly. 'I hope to God nobody hears you.'
'I'm doing no harm,' Philip Philipovich objected heatedly. 'Nothing
counter-revolutionary in all that. Incidentally, that's a word I simply
can't tolerate. What the devil is it supposed to mean, anyway? Nobody knows.
That's why I say there's nothing counter-revolutionary in what I say. It's
full of sound sense and a lifetime of experience.'
At this point Philip Philipovich pulled the end of his luxurious napkin
out of his collar. Crumpling it up he laid it beside his unfinished glass of
wine. Bormenthal at once rose and thanked his host.
'Just a minute, doctor,' Philip Philipovich stopped him and took a
wallet out of his hip pocket. He frowned, counted out some white 10-rouble
notes and handed them to the doctor, saying, 'You are due for 40 roubles
today, Ivan Arnoldovich. There you are.'
Still in slight pain from his dog-bite, the doctor thanked him and
blushed as he stuffed the money into his coat pocket.
'Do you need me this evening, Philip Philipovich?' he enquired.
'No thanks, my dear fellow. We shan't be doing anything this evening.
For one thing the rabbit has died and for another Aida is on at the Bolshoi
this evening. It's a long time since I heard it. I love it ... Do you
remember that duet? Pom-pom-ti-pom . . .'
'How do you find time for it, Philip Philipovich?' asked the doctor
with awe.
'One can find time for everything if one is never in a hurry,'
explained his host didactically. 'Of course if I started going to meetings
and carolling like a nightingale all day long, I'd never find time to go
anywhere' - the repeater in Philip Philipovich's pocket struck its celestial
chimes as he pressed the button - 'It starts at nine. I'll go in time for
the second act. I believe in the division of labour. The Bolshoi's job is to
sing, mine's to operate. That's how things should be. Then there'd be none
of this "ruin" . . . Look, Ivan Arnoldovich, you must go and take a careful
look: as soon as he's properly dead, take him off the table, put him
straight into nutritive fluid and bring him to me!'
'Don't worry, Philip Philipovich, the pathologist has promised me.'
'Excellent. Meanwhile, we'll examine this neurotic street arab of ours
and stitch him up. I want his flank to heal . . .'
He's worrying about me, thought the dog, good for him. Now I know what
he is. He's the wizard, the magician, the sorcerer out of those dogs' fairy
tales ... I can't have dreamed it all. Or have I? (The dog shuddered in his
sleep.) Any minute now I'll wake up and there'll be nothing here. No
silk-shaded lamp, no warmth, no food. Back on the streets, back in the cold,
the frozen asphalt, hunger, evil-minded humans . . . the factory canteen,
the snow . . . God, it will be unbearable . . .!
But none of that happened. It was the freezing doorway which vanished
like a bad dream and never came back.
Clearly the country was not yet in a total state of ruin. In spite of
it the grey accordion-shaped radiators under the windows filled with heat
twice a day and warmth flowed in waves through the whole apartment. The dog
had obviously drawn the winning ticket in the dogs' lottery. Never less than
twice a day his eyes filled with tears of gratitude towards the sage of
Prechistenka. Every mirror in the living-room or the hall reflected a
good-looking, successful dog.
I am handsome. Perhaps I'm really a dog prince, living incognito, mused
the dog as he watched the shaggy, coffee-coloured dog with the smug
expression strolling about in the mirrored distance. I wouldn't be surprised
if my grandmother didn't have an affair with a labrador. Now that I look at
my muzzle, I see there's a white patch on it. I wonder how it got there.
Philip Philipovich is a man of great taste -he wouldn't just pick up any
stray mongrel.
In two weeks the dog ate as much as in his previous six weeks on the
street. Only by weight, of course. In quality the food at the professor's
apartment was incomparable. Apart from the fact that Darya Petrovna bought a
heap of meat-scraps for 18 kopecks every day at the Smolensk market, there
was dinner every evening in the dining-room at seven o'clock, at which the
dog was always present despite protests from the elegant Zina. It was during
these meals that Philip Philipovich acquired his final title to divinity.
The dog stood on his hind legs and nibbled his jacket, the dog learned to
recognise Philip Philipovich's ring at the door - two loud, abrupt
proprietorial pushes on the bell - and would run barking out into the hall.
The master was enveloped in a dark brown fox-fur coat, which glittered with
millions of snowflakes and smelled of mandarin oranges, cigars, perfume,
lemons, petrol, eau de cologne and cloth, and his voice, like a megaphone,
boomed all through the apartment.
'Why did you ruin the owl, you little monkey? Was the owl doing you any
harm? Was it, now? Why did you smash the portrait of Professor Mechnikov?'
'He needs at least one good whipping, Philip Philipovich,' said Zina
indignantly, 'or he'll become completely spoiled. Just look what he's done
to your galoshes.'
'No one is to be beaten,' said Philip Philipovich heatedly, 'remember
that once and for all. Animals and people can only be influenced by
persuasion. Have you given him his meat today?'
'Lord, he's eaten us out of house and home. What a question, Philip
Philipovich. He eats so much I'm surprised he doesn't burst.'
'Fine. It's good for him . . . what harm did the owl do you, you little
Ow-ow, whined the dog, crawling on his belly and splaying out his paws.
The dog was forcefully dragged by the scruff of his neck through the
hall and into the study. He whined, snapped, clawed at the carpet and slid
along on his rump as if he were doing a circus act. In the middle of the
study floor lay the glass-eyed owl. From its disembowelled stomach flowed a
stream of red rags that smelled of mothballs. Scattered on the desk were the
fragments of a portrait.
'I purposely didn't clear it up so that you could take a good look,'
said Zina distractedly. 'Look - he jumped up on to the table, the little
brute, and then - bang! - he had the owl by the tail. Before I knew what was
happening he had torn it to pieces. Rub his nose in the owl, Philip
Philipovich, so that he learns not to spoil things.'
Then the howling began. Clawing at the carpet, the dog was dragged over
to have his nose rubbed in the owl. He wept bitter tears and thought: Beat
me, do what you like, but don't throw me out.
'Send the owl to the taxidermist at once. There's 8 roubles, and 16
kopecks for the tram-fare, go down to Murat's and buy him a good collar and
a lead.'
Next day the dog was given a wide, shiny collar. As soon as he saw
himself in the mirror he was very upset, put his tail between his legs and
disappeared into the bathroom, where he planned to pull the collar off
against a box or a basket. Soon, however, the dog realised that he was
simply a fool. Zina took him walking on the lead along Obukhov Street. The
dog trotted along like a prisoner under arrest, burning with shame, but as
he walked along Prechistenka Street as far as the church of Christ the
Saviour he soon realised exactly what a collar means in life. Mad envy
burned in the eyes of every dog he met and at Myortvy Street a shaggy
mongrel with a docked tail barked at him that he was a 'master's pet' and a
'lackey'. As they crossed the tram tracks a policeman looked at the collar
with approval and respect. When they returned home the most amazing thing of
all happened - with his own hands Fyodor the porter opened the front door to
admit Sharik and Zina, remarking to Zina as he did so: 'What a sight he was
when Philip Philipovich brought him in. And now look how fat he is.'
'So he should be - he eats enough for six,' said the beautiful Zina,
rosy-cheeked from the cold.
A collar's just like a briefcase, the dog smiled to himself. Wagging
his tail, he climbed up to the mezzanine like a gentleman.
Once having appreciated the proper value of a collar, the dog made his
first visit to the supreme paradise from which hitherto he had been
categorically barred - the realm of the cook, Darya Petrovna. Two square
inches of Darya's kitchen was worth more than all the rest of the flat.
Every day flames roared and flashed in the tiled, black-leaded stove.
Delicious crackling sounds came from the oven. Tortured by perpetual heat
and unquenchable passion, Darya Petrovna's face was a constant livid purple,
slimy and greasy. In the neat coils over her ears and in the blonde bun on
the back of her head flashed twenty-two imitation diamonds. Golden saucepans
hung on hooks round the walls, the whole kitchen seethed with smells, while
covered pans bubbled and hissed . . .
'Get out!' screamed Darya Petrovna. 'Get out, you no-good little thief!
Get out of here at once or I'll be after you with the poker!'
Hey, why all the barking? signalled the dog pathetically with his eyes.
What d'you mean - thief? Haven't you noticed my new collar? He backed
towards the door, his muzzle raised appealingly towards her.
The dog Sharik possessed some secret which enabled him to win people's
hearts. Two days later he was stretched out beside the coal-scuttle watching
Darya Petrovna at work. With a thin sharp knife she cut off the heads and
claws of a flock of helpless grouse, then like a merciless executioner
scooped the guts out of the fowls, stripped the flesh from the bones and put
it into the mincer. Sharik meanwhile gnawed a grouse's head. Darya Petrovna
fished lumps of soaking bread out of a bowl of milk, mixed them on a board
with the minced meat, poured cream over the whole mixture, sprinkled it with
salt and kneaded it into cutlets. The stove was roaring like a furnace, the
frying pan sizzled, popped and bubbled. The oven door swung open with a
roar, revealing a terrifying inferno of heaving, crackling flame.
In the evening the fiery furnace subsided and above the curtain
half-way up the kitchen window hung the dense, ominous night sky of
Prechistenka Street with its single star. The kitchen floor was damp, the
saucepans shone with a dull, mysterious glow and on the table was a
fireman's cap. Sharik lay on the warm stove, stretched out like a lion above
a gateway, and with one ear cocked in curiosity he watched through the
half-open door of Zina's and Darya Petrovna's room as an excited,
black-moustached man in a broad leather belt embraced Darya Petrovna. All
her face, except her powdered nose, glowed with agony and passion. A streak
of light lay across a picture of a man with a black moustache and beard,
from which hung a little Easter loaf.
'Don't go too far,' muttered Darya Petrovna in the half-darkness. 'Stop
it! Zina will be back soon. What's the matter with you - have you been
rejuvenated too?'
'I don't need rejuvenating,' croaked the black-moustached fireman
hoarsely, scarcely able to control himself. 'You're so passionate!'
In the evenings the sage of Prechistenka Street retired behind his
thick blinds and if there was no A'ida at the Bolshoi Theatre and no meeting
of the All-Russian Surgical Society, then the great man would settle down in
a deep armchair in his study. There were no ceiling lights; the only light
came from a green-shaded lamp on the desk. Sharik lay on the carpet in the
shadows, unable to take his eyes off the horrors that lined the room.
Human brains floated in a disgustingly acrid, murky liquid in glass
jars. On his forearms, bared to the elbow, the great man wore red rubber
globes as his blunt, slippery fingers delved into the convoluted grey
matter. Now and again he would pick up a small glistening knife and calmly
slice off a spongey yellow chunk of brain.
'. . . "to the banks of the sa-acred Nile . . .," ' he hummed quietly,
licking his lips as he remembered the gilded auditorium of the Bolshoi
It was the time of evening when the central heating was at its warmest.
The heat from it floated up to the ceiling, from there dispersing all over
the room. In the dog's fur the warmth wakened the last flea, which had
somehow managed to escape Philip Philipovich's comb. The carpets deadened
all sound in the flat. Then, from far away, came the sound of the front door
Zina's gone out to the cinema, thought the dog, and I suppose we'll
have supper when she gets home. Something tells me that it's veal chops
On the morning of that terrible day Sharik had felt a sense of
foreboding, which had made him suddenly break into a howl and he had eaten
his breakfast - half a bowl of porridge and yesterday's mutton-bone -
without the least relish. Bored, he went padding up and down the hall,
whining at his own reflection. The rest of the morning, after Zina had taken
him for his walk along the avenue, passed normally. There were no patients
that day as it was Tuesday - a day when as we all know there are no
consulting hours. The master was in his study, several large books with
coloured pictures spread out in front of him on the desk. It was nearly
supper-time. The dog was slightly cheered by the news from the kitchen that
the second course tonight was turkey. As he was walking down the passage the
dog heard the startling, unexpected noise of Philip Philipovich's telephone
bell ringing. Philip Philipovich picked up the receiver, listened and
suddenly became very excited.
'Excellent,' he was heard saying, 'bring it round at once, at once!'
Bustling about, he rang for Zina and ordered supper to be served
immediately: 'Supper! Supper!'
Immediately there was a clatter of plates in the dining-room and Zina
ran in, pursued by the voice of Darya Petrovna grumbling that the turkey was
not ready yet. Again the dog felt a tremor of anxiety.
I don't like it when there's a commotion in the house, he mused . . .
and no sooner had the thought entered his head than the commotion took on an
even more disagreeable nature. This was largely due to the appearance of
Doctor Bormenthal, who brought with him an evil-smelling trunk and without
waiting to remove his coat started heaving it down the corridor into the
consulting-room. Philip Philipovich put down his unfinished cup of coffee,
which normally he would never do, and ran out to meet Bormenthal, another
quite untypical thing for him to do.
'When did he die?' he cried.
'Three hours ago,' replied Bormenthal, his snow-covered hat still on
his head as he unstrapped the trunk.
Who's died? wondered the dog sullenly and disagreeably as he slunk
under the table. I can't bear it when they dash about the room like that.
'Out of my way, animal! Hurry, hurry, hurry!' cried Philip Philipovich.
It seemed to the dog that the master was ringing every bell at once.
Zina ran in. 'Zina! Tell Darya Petrovna to take over the telephone and not
to let anybody in. I need you here. Doctor Bormenthal - please hurry!'
I don't like this, scowled the dog, offended, and wandered off round
the apartment. All the bustle, it seemed, was confined to the
consulting-room. Zina suddenly appeared in a white coat like a shroud and
began running back and forth between the consulting-room and the kitchen.
Isn't it time I had my supper? They seem to have forgotten about me,
thought the dog. He at once received an unpleasant surprise.
'Don't give Sharik anything to eat,' boomed the order from the
'How am I to keep an eye on him?'
'Lock him up!'
Sharik was enticed into the bathroom and locked in.
Beasts, thought Sharik as he sat in the semi-darkness of the bathroom.
What an outrage ... In an odd frame of mind, half resentful, half depressed,
he spent about a quarter of an hour in the bathroom. He felt irritated and
Right. This means the end of your galoshes tomorrow, Philip
Philipovich, he thought. You've already had to buy two new pairs. Now you're
going to have to buy another. That'll teach you to lock up dogs.
Suddenly a violent thought crossed his mind. Instantly and clearly he
remembered a scene from his earliest youth -a huge sunny courtyard near the
Preobrazhensky Gate, slivers of sunlight reflected in broken bottles,
brick-rubble, and a free world of stray dogs.
No, it's no use. I could never leave this place now. Why pretend? mused
the dog, with a sniff. I've got used to this life. I'm a gentleman's dog
now, an intelligent being, I've tasted better things. Anyhow, what is
freedom? Vapour, mirage, fiction . . . democratic rubbish . . .
Then the gloom of the bathroom began to frighten him and he howled.
Hurling himself at the door, he started scratching it.
Ow-ow . . ., the noise echoed round the apartment like someone shouting
into a barrel.
I'll tear that owl to pieces again, thought the dog, furious but
impotent. Then he felt weak and lay down. When he got up his coat suddenly
stood up on end, as he had an eerie feeling that a horrible, wolfish pair of
eyes was staring at him from the bath.
In the midst of his agony the door opened. The dog went out, shook
himself, and made gloomily for the kitchen, but Zina firmly dragged him by
the collar into the consulting-room. The dog felt a sudden chill around his
What do they want me for? he wondered suspiciously. My side has healed
up - I don't get it. Sliding along on his paws over the slippery parquet, he
was pulled into the consulting-room. There he was immediately shocked by the
unusually brilliant lighting. A white globe on the ceiling shone so brightly
that it hurt his eyes. In the white glare stood the high priest, humming
through his teeth something about the sacred Nile. The only way of
recognising him as Philip Philipovich was a vague smell. His smoothed-back
grey hair was hidden under a white cap, making him look as if he were
dressed up as a patriarch; the divine figure was all in white and over the
white, like a stole, he wore a narrow rubber apron. His hands were in black
The other doctor was also there. The long table was fully unfolded, a
small square box placed beside it on a shining stand.
The dog hated the other doctor more than anyone else and more than ever
because of the look in his eyes. Usually frank and bold, they now flickered
in all directions to avoid the dog's eyes. They were watchful, treacherous
and in their depths lurked something mean and nasty, even criminal. Scowling
at him, the dog slunk into a comer.
'Collar, Zina,' said Philip Philipovich softly, 'only don't excite
For a moment Zina's eyes had the same vile look as Bormenthal's. She
walked up to the dog and with obvious treachery, stroked him.
What're you doing ... all three of you? OK, take me if you want me. You
ought to be ashamed ... If only I knew what you're going to do to me . . .
Zina unfastened his collar, the dog shook his head and snorted.
Bormenthal rose up in front of him, reeking of that foul, sickening smell.
Ugh, disgusting . . . wonder why I feel so queer . . ., thought the dog
as he dodged away.
'Hurry, doctor,' said Philip Philipovich impatiently. There was a
sharp, sweet smell in the air. The doctor, without taking his horrible
watchful eyes off the dog slipped his right hand out from behind his back
and quickly clamped a pad of damp cotton wool over the dog's nose. Sharik
went dumb, his head spinning a little, but he still managed to jump back.
The doctor jumped after him and rapidly smothered his whole muzzle in cotton
wool. His breathing stopped, but again the dog jerked himself away. You
bastard . . ., flashed through his mind. Why? And down came the pad again.
Then a lake suddenly materialised in the middle of the consulting-room
floor. On it was a boat, rowed by a crew of extraordinary pink dogs. The
bones in his legs gave way and collapsed.
'On to the table!' Philip Philipovich boomed from somewhere in a
cheerful voice and the sound disintegrated into orange-coloured streaks.
Fear vanished and gave way to joy. For two seconds the dog loved the man he
had bitten. Then the whole world turned upside down and he felt a cold but
soothing hand on his belly. Then - nothing.
The dog Sharik lay stretched out on the narrow operating table, his
head lolling helplessly against a white oilcloth pillow. His stomach was
shaven and now Doctor Bormenthal, breathing heavily, was hurriedly shaving
Sharik's head with clippers that ate through his fur. Philip Philipovich,
leaning on the edge of the table, watched the process through his shiny,
gold-rimmed spectacles. He spoke urgently:
'Ivan Arnoldovich, the most vital moment is when I enter the turkish
saddle. You must then instantly pass me the gland and start suturing at
once. If we have a haemorrhage then we shall lose time and lose the dog. In
any case, he hasn't a chance . . .' He was silent, frowning, and gave an
ironic look at the dog's half-closed eye, then added: 'Do you know, I feel
sorry for him. I've actually got used to having him around.'
So saying he raised his hands as though calling down a blessing on the
unfortunate Sharik's great sacrificial venture. Bormenthal laid aside the
clippers and picked up a razor. He lathered the defenceless little head and
started to shave it. The blade scraped across the skin, nicked it and drew
blood. Having shaved the head the doctor wiped it with an alcohol swab, then
stretched out the dog's bare stomach and said with a sigh of relief:
Zina turned on the tap over the washbasin and Bormenthal hurriedly
washed his hands. From a phial Zina poured alcohol over them.
'May I go, Philip Philipovich?' she asked, glancing nervously at the
dog's shaven head.
'You may.'
Zina disappeared. Bormenthal busied himself further. He surrounded
Shank's head with tight gauze wadding, which framed the odd sight of a naked
canine scalp and a muzzle that by comparison seemed heavily bearded.
The priest stirred. He straightened up, looked at the dog's head and
said: 'God bless us. Scalpel.'
Bormenthal took a short, broad-bladed knife from the glittering pile on
the small table and handed it to the great man. He too then donned a pair of
black gloves.
'Is he asleep?' asked Philip Philipovich.
'He's sleeping nicely.'
Philip Philipovich clenched his teeth, his eyes took on a sharp,
piercing glint and with a flourish of his scalpel he made a long, neat
incision down the length of Sharik's belly. The skin parted instantly,
spurting blood in several directions. Bormenthal swooped like a vulture,
began dabbing Sharik's wound with swabs of gauze, then gripped its edges
with a row of little clamps like sugar-tongs, and the bleeding stopped.
Droplets of sweat oozed from Bormenthal's forehead. Philip Philipovich made
a second incision and again Sharik's body was pulled apart by hooks,
scissors and little clamps. Pink and yellow tissues emerged, oozing with
blood. Philip Philipovich turned the scalpel in the wound, then barked:
Like a conjuring trick the instrument materialised in Bormenthal's
hand. Philip Philipovich delved deep and with a few twists he removed the
testicles and some dangling attachments from Sharik's body. Dripping with
exertion and excitement Bormenthal leapt to a glass jar and removed from it
two more wet, dangling testicles, their short, moist, stringy vesicles
dangling like elastic in the hands of the professor and his assistant. The
bent needles clicked faintly 54

against the clamps as the new testicles were sewn in place of Sharik's.
The priest drew back from the incision, swabbed it and gave the order:
'Suture, doctor. At once.' He turned around and looked at the white
clock on the wall.
'Fourteen minutes,' grunted Bormenthal through clenched teeth as he
pierced the flabby skin with his crooked needle. Both grew as tense as two
murderers working against the clock.
'Scalpel!' cried Philip Philipovich.
The scalpel seemed to leap into his hand as though of its own accord,
at which point Philip Philipovich's expression grew quite fearsome. Grinding
his gold and porcelain bridge-work, in a single stroke he incised a red
fillet around Sharik's head. The scalp, with its shaven hairs, was removed,
the skull bone laid bare. Philip Philipovich shouted: 'Trepan!'
Bormenthal handed him a shining auger. Biting his lips Philip
Philipovich began to insert the auger and drill a complete circle of little
holes, a centimetre apart, around the top of Sharik's skull. Each hole took
no more than five seconds to drill. Then with a saw of the most curious
design he put its point into the first hole and began sawing through the
skull as though he were making a lady's fretwork sewing-basket. The skull
shook and squeaked faintly. After three minutes the roof of the dog's skull
was removed.
The dome of Sharik's brain was now laid bare - grey, threaded with
bluish veins and spots of red. Philip Philipovich plunged his scissors
between the membranes and eased them apart. Once a thin stream of blood
spurted up, almost hitting the professor in the eye and spattering his white
cap. Like a tiger Bormenthal pounced in with a tourniquet and squeezed.
Sweat streamed down his face, which was growing puffy and mottled. His eyes
flicked to and fro from the professor's hand to the instrument-table. Philip
Philipovich was positively awe-inspiring. A hoarse snoring noise came from
his nose, his teeth were bared to the gums. He peeled aside layers of
cerebral membrane and penetrated deep between the hemispheres of the brain.
It was then that Bor-menthal went pale, and seizing Sharik's breast with one
hand he said hoarsely: 'Pulse falling sharply . . .'
Philip Philipovich flashed him a savage look, grunted something and
delved further still. Bormenthal snapped open a glass ampoule, filled a
syringe with the liquid and treacherously injected the dog near his heart.
'I'm coming to the turkish saddle,' growled Philip Philipovich. With
his slippery, bloodstained gloves he removed Sharik's greyish-yellow brain
from his head. For a second he glanced at Sharik's muzzle and Bormenthal
snapped open a second ampoule of yellow liquid and sucked it into the long
'Shall I do it straight into the heart?' he enquired cautiously.
'Don't waste time asking questions!' roared the professor angrily. 'He
could die five times over while you're making up your mind. Inject, man!
What are you waiting for?' His face had the look of an inspired robber
With a flourish the doctor plunged the needle into the dog's heart.
'He's alive, but only just,' he whispered timidly.
'No time to argue whether he's alive or not,' hissed the terrible
Philip Philipovich. 'I'm at the saddle. So what if he does die ... hell
..."... the banks of the sa-acred Nile" . . . give me the gland.'
Bormenthal handed him a beaker containing a white blob suspended on a
thread in some fluid. With one hand ('God, there's no one like him in all
Europe,' thought Bormenthal) he fished out the dangling blob and with the
other hand, using the scissors, he excised a similar blob from deep within
the separated cerebral hemispheres. Sharik's blob he threw on to a plate,
the new one he inserted into the brain with a piece of thread. Then his
stumpy fingers, now miraculously delicate and sensitive, sewed the
amber-coloured thread cunningly into place. After that he removed various
stretchers and clamps from the skull, replaced the brain in its bony
container, leaned back and said in a much calmer voice:
'I suppose he's died?'
'There's just a flicker of pulse,' replied Bormenthal.
'Give him another shot of adrenalin.'
The professor replaced the membranes over the brain, restored the
sawn-off lid to its exact place, pushed the scalp back into position and
roared: 'Suture!'
Five minutes later Bormenthal had sewn up the dog's head, breaking
three needles.
There on the bloodstained pillow lay Sharik's slack, lifeless muzzle, a
circular wound on his tonsured head. Like a satisfied vampire Philip
Philipovich finally stepped back, ripped off one glove, shook out of it a
cloud of sweat-drenched powder, tore off the other one, threw it on the
ground and rang the bell in the wall. Zina appeared in the doorway, looking
away to avoid seeing the blood-spattered dog. With chalky hands the great
man pulled off his skull-cap and cried:
"Give me a cigarette, Zina. And then some clean clothes and a bath.'
Layino- his chin on the edge of the table he parted the dog's right
eyelids, peered into the obviously moribund eye and said:
'Well, I'll be ... He's not dead yet. Still, he'll die. I feel sorry
for the dog, Bormenthal. He was naughty but I couldn't help liking him.'


Subject of experiment: Male dog aged approx. 2 years.
Breed: Mongrel.
Name: 'Sharik'.
Coat sparse, in tufts, brownish with traces of singeing. Tail the
colour of baked milk. On right flank traces of healed second-degree burn.
Previous nutritional state -poor. After a week's stay with Prof.
Preobrazhensky -extremely well nourished. Weight: 8 kilograms (!). Heart: .
. . Lungs: . . . Stomach: . . . Temperature: . . .
December 23rd At 8.05pm Prof. Preobrazhensky commenced the first
operation of its kind to be performed in Europe: removal under anaesthesia
of the dog's testicles and their replacement by implanted human testes, with
appendages and seminal ducts, taken from a 28-year-old human male, dead 4
hours and 4 minutes before the operation and kept by Prof. Preobrazhensky in
sterilised physiological fluid.
Immediately thereafter, following a trepanning operation on the cranial
roof, the pituitary gland was removed and replaced by a human pituitary
originating from the above-mentioned human male. Drugs used: Chloroform - 8
Camphor - 1 syringe.
Adrenalin - 2 syringes (by cardiac injection ).
Purpose of operation: Experimental observation by Prof. Preobrazhensky
of the effect of combined transplantation of the pituitary and testes in
order to study both the functional viability in a host-organism and its role
in cellular etc. rejuvenation.
Operation performed by; Prof. P. P. Preobrazhensky. Assisted by: Dr I.
A. Bormenthal. During the night following the operation, frequent and grave
weakening of the pulse. Dog apparently in terminal state.
Preobrazhensky prescribes camphor injections in massive dosage.
December 24th am Improvement. Respiration rate doubled. Temperature:
42C. Camphor and caffeine injected subcutaneously.
December 25th Deterioration.
Pulse barely detectable, cooling of the extremities, no pupillary
reaction. Preobrazhensky orders cardiac injection of adrenalin and camphor,
intravenous injections of physiological solution.
December 26th Slight improvement. Pulse: 180.
Respiration: 92. Temperature: 41C. Camphor. Alimentation per rectum.
December 27th Pulse: 152. Respiration: 50. Temperature: 39.8C.
Pupillary reaction. Camphor - subcutaneous.
December 28th Significant improvement. At noon sudden heavy
perspiration. Temperature: 37C.
Condition of surgical wounds unchanged. Re-bandaged. Signs of appetite.
Liquid alimentation.

December 29th Sudden moulting of hair on forehead and torso. The
following were summoned for consultation:
1. Professor of Dermatology - Vasily Vasilievich Bundaryov.
2. Director, Moscow Veterinary Institute.
Both stated the case to be without precedent in medical literature.
No diagnosis established.
Temperature: (entered in pencil).
8.15pm. First bark.
Distinct alteration of timbre and lowering of pitch
noticeable. Instead of diphthong 'aow-aow', bark now enunciated on
vowels 'ah-oh', in intonation reminiscent
of a groan.
December 30th Moulting process has progressed to almost total baldness.
Weighing produced the unexpected result of 80 kg., due to growth
(lengthening of the bones). Dog still lying prone.

December 31st Subject exhibits colossal appetite.
(Ink-blot. After the blot the following entry in scrawled
hand-writing): At 12.12pm the dog distinctly pronounced the sounds
(Gap in entries. The following entries show errors due to excitement):
December 1st (deleted; corrected to): January 1st 1925. Dog
photographed a.m.
Cheerfully barks 'Nes-set-a', repeating loudly and with apparent
3.0pm (in heavy lettering): Dog laughed, causing maid Zina to faint.
Later, pronounced the following 8 times in succession: 'Nesseta-ciled'.
(Sloping characters, written in pencil):
The professor has deciphered the word 'Nesseta-ciled' by reversal: it
is 'delicatessen' . . . Quite extraord . . .

January 2nd Dog photographed by magnesium flash while smiling. Got up
and remained confidently on hind legs for a half-hour. Now nearly my height.
(Loose page inserted into notebook): Russian science almost suffered a most
serious blow. History of Prof. P. P. Preobrazhensky's illness:
1.13pm Prof. Preobrazhensky falls into deep faint. On falling, strikes
head on edge of table.
Temp.: . . .
The dog in the presence of Zina and myself, had called Prof.
Preobrazhensky a 'bloody bastard'.
January 6th (entries made partly in pencil, partly in violet ink):
Today, after the dog's tail had fallen out, he quite clearly pronounced
the word 'liquor'.
Recording apparatus switched on. God knows what's happening.
(Total confusion.)
Professor has ceased to see patients. From 5pm this evening sounds of
vulgar abuse issuing from the consulting-room, where the creature is still
confined. Heard to ask for 'another one, and make it a double.'

January 7th Creature can now pronounce several words: 'taxi', 'full
up', 'evening paper', 'take one home for the kiddies' and every known
Russian swear-word. His appearance is strange. He now only has hair on his
head, chin and chest. Elsewhere he is bald, with flabby skin. His genital
region now has the appearance of an immature human male. His skull has
enlarged considerably. Brow low and receding.
My God, I must be going mad. . . .
Philip Philipovich still feels unwell. Most of the observations
(pictures and recordings) are being carried out by myself.
Rumours are spreading round the town . . . Consequences may be
incalculable. All day today the whole street was full of loafing rubbernecks
and old women . . . Dogs still crowding round beneath the windows. Amazing
report in the morning papers: The rumours of a Martian in Obukhov Street are
totally unfounded. They have been spread by black-market traders and their
repetition will be severely punished. What Martian, for God's sake? This is
turning into a nightmare.
Reports in today's evening paper even worse - they say that a child has
been born who could play the violin from birth. Beside it is a photograph of
myself with the caption: 'Prof. Preobrazhensky performing a Caesarian
operation on the mother.' The situation is getting out of hand ... He can
now say a new word - 'policeman' . . .
Apparently Darya Petrovna was in love with me and pinched the snapshot
of me out of Philip Philipovich's photograph album. After I had kicked out
all the reporters one of them sneaked back into the kitchen, and so ...
Consulting hours are now impossible. Eighty-two telephone calls today.
The telephone has been cut off. We are besieged by child-less women . . .
House committee appeared in full strength, headed by Shvonder - they
could not explain why they had come.

January 8th Late this evening diagnosis finally agreed. With the
impartiality of a true scholar Philip Philipovich has acknowledged his
error: transplantation of the pituitary induces not rejuvenation but total
humanisation (underlined three times). This does not, however, lessen the
value of his stupendous discovery.
The creature walked round the flat today for the first time. Laughed in
the corridor after looking at the electric light. Then, accompanied by
Philip Philipovich and myself, he went into the study. Stands firmly on his
hind (deleted) ... his legs and gives the impression of a short, ill-knit
human male.
Laughed in the study. His smile is disagreeable and somehow artificial.
Then he scratched the back of his head, looked round and registered a
further, clearly-pronounced word: 'Bourgeois'. Swore. His swearing is
methodical, uninterrupted and apparently totally meaningless. There is
something mechanical about it - it is as if this creature had heard all this
bad language at an earlier phase, automatically recorded it in his
subconscious and now regurgitates it wholesale. However, I am no
The swearing somehow has a very depressing effect on Philip
Philipovich. There are moments when he abandons his cool, unemotional
observation of new phenomena and appears to lose patience. Once when the
creature was swearing, for instance, he suddenly burst out impulsively:
'Shut up!' This had no effect.
After his visit to the study Sharik was shut up in the consulting-room
by our joint efforts. Philip Philipovich and I then held a conference. I
confess that this was the first time I had seen this self-assured and highly
intelligent man at a loss. He hummed a little, as he is in the habit of
doing, then asked: 'What are we going to do now?' He answered himself
literally as follows:
'Moscow State Clothing Stores, yes . . . "from Granada to Seville" . .
. M.S.C.S., my dear doctor . . .' I could not understand him, then he
explained: 'Ivan Arnold-ovich, please go and buy him some underwear, shirt,
jacket and trousers.'
January 9th The creature's vocabulary is being enriched by a new word
every five minutes (on average) and, since this morning, by sentences. It is
as if they had been lying frozen in his mind, are melting and emerging. Once
out, the word remains in use. Since yesterday evening the machine has
recorded the following: 'Stop pushing', 'You swine', 'Get off the bus - full
up', 'I'll show you', 'American recognition', 'kerosene stove'.
January10th The creature was dressed. He took to a vest quite readily,
even laughing cheerfully. He refused underpants, though, protesting with
hoarse shrieks:
'Stop queue-barging, you bastards!' Finally we dressed him. The sizes
of his clothes were too big for him.
(Here the notebook contains a number of schematised drawings,
apparently depicting the transformation of a canine into a human leg.) The
rear lialf of the skeleton of the foot is lengthening. Elongation of the
toes. Nails. (With appropriate sketches.)
Repeated systematic toilet training. The servants are angry and
However, the creature is undoubtedly intelligent. The experiment is
proceeding satisfactorily.

January llth Quite reconciled to wearing clothes, although was heard to
say, 'Christ, I've got ants in my pants.'
Fur on head now thin and silky; almost indistinguishable from hair,
though scars still visible in parietal region. Today last traces of fur
dropped from his ears. Colossal appetite. Enjoys salted herring. At 5pm
occurred a significant event: for the first time the words spoken by the
creature were not disconnected from surrounding phenomena but were a
reaction to them. Thus when the professor said to him, 'Don't throw
food-scraps on the floor,' he unexpectedly replied: 'Get stuffed.' Philip
Philipovich was appalled, but recovered and said: 'If you swear at me or the
doctor again, you're in trouble.' I photographed Sharik at that moment and I
swear that he understood what the professor said. His face clouded over and
he gave a sullen look, but said nothing. Hurrah - he understands!

January 12th. Put hands in pockets. We are teaching him not to swear.
Whistled, 'Hey, little apple'. Sustained conversation. I cannot resist
certain hypotheses: we must forget rejuvenation for the time being. The
other aspect is immeasurably more important. Prof. Preobrazhensky's
astounding experiment has revealed one of the secrets of the human brain.
The mysterious function of the pituitary as an adjunct to the brain has now
been clarified. It determines human appearance. Its hormones may now be
regarded as the most important in the whole organism - the hormones of man's
image. A new field has been opened up to science; without the aid of any
Faustian retorts a homunculus has been created. The surgeon's scalpel has
brought to life a new human entity. Prof. Preobrazhensky-you are a creator.
(ink blot)
But I digress ... As stated, he can now sustain a conversation. As I
see it, the situation is as follows: the implanted pituitary has activated
the speech-centre in the canine brain and words have poured out in a stream.
I do not think that we have before us a newly-created brain but a brain
which has been stimulated to develop. Oh, what a glorious confirmation of
the theory of evolution! Oh, the sublime chain leading from a dog to
Mendeleyev the great chemist! A further hypothesis of mine is that during
its canine stage Sharik's brain had accumulated a massive quantity of
sense-data. All the words which he used initially were the language of the
streets which he had picked up and stored in his brain. Now as I walk along
the streets I look at every dog I meet with secret horror. God knows what is
lurking in their minds.
Sharik can read. He can read (three exclamation marks). I guessed it
from his early use of the word 'delicatessen'. He could read from the
beginning. And I even know the solution to this puzzle - it lies in the
structure of the canine optic nerve. God alone knows what is now going on in
Moscow. Seven black-market traders are already behind bars for spreading
rumours that the end of the world is imminent and has been caused by the
Bolsheviks. Darya Petrovna told me about this and even named the date -
November 28th, 1925, the day of St Stephen the Martyr, when the earth will
spiral off into infinity. . . . Some charlatans are already giving lectures
about it. We have started such a rumpus with this pituitary experiment that
I have had to leave my flat. I have moved in with Preobrazhensky and sleep
in the waiting-room with Sharik. The consulting-room has been turned into a
new waiting-room. Shvender was right. Trouble is brewing with the house
committee. There is not a single glass left, as he will jump on to the
shelves. Great difficulty in teaching him not to do this.
Something odd is happening to Philip. When I told him about my
hypotheses and my hopes of developing Sharik into an intellectually advanced
personality, he hummed and hahed, then said: 'Do you really think so?' His
tone was ominous. Have I made a mistake? Then he had an idea. While I wrote
up these case-notes, Preobrazhensky made a careful study of the life-story
of the man from whom we took the pituitary.
(Loose page inserted into the notebook.)
Name: Elim Grigorievich Chugunkin. Age: 25.
Marital status: Unmarried.
Not a Party member, but sympathetic to the Party. Three times charged
with theft and acquitted - on the first occasion for lack of evidence, in
the second case saved by his social origin, the third time put on probation
with a conditional sentence of 15 years hard labour.
Profession: plays the balalaika in bars. Short, poor physical shape.
Enlarged liver (alcohol). Cause of death: knife-wound in the heart,
sustained in the Red Light Bar at Preobrazhensky Gate.

The old man continues to study Chugunkin's case exhaustively, although
I cannot understand why. He grunted something about the pathologist having
failed to make a complete examination of Chugunkin's body. What does he
mean? Does it matter whose pituitary it is?

January 17th Unable to make notes for several days, as I have had an
attack of influenza. Meanwhile the creature's appearance has assumed
definitive form:
(a) physically a complete human being.
(b) weight about 108 Ibs.
(c) below medium height.
(d) small head.
(e) eats human food.
(f) dresses himself.
(g) capable of normal conversation.
So much for the pituitary (ink blot).
This concludes the notes on this case. We now have a new organism which
must be studied as such. appendices: Verbatim reports of speech, recordings,
photographs. Signed: I. A. Bormenthal, M.D.
Asst. to Prof. P. P. Preobrazhensky.

A winter afternoon in late January, the time before supper, the time
before the start of evening consulting hours. On the drawing-room doorpost
hung a sheet of paper, on which was written in Philip Philipovich's hand:

I forbid the consumption of sunflower seeds in this flat.
P. Preobrazhensky
Below this in big, thick letters Bormenthal had written in blue pencil:
Musical instruments may not be played between 7pm and 6am.
Then from Zina:
When you come back tell Philip Philipovich that he's gone out and I
don't know where to. Fyodor says he's with Shvonder.
Preobrazhensky's hand:
How much longer do I have to wait before the glazier comes?
Darya Petrovna (in block letters):
Zina has, gone out to the store, says she'll bring him back.
In the dining-room there was a cosy evening feeling, generated by the
lamp on the sideboard shining beneath its dark cerise shade. Its light was
reflected in random shafts all over the room, as the mirror was cracked from
side to side and had been stuck in place with a criss-cross of tape. Bending
over the table, Philip Philipovich was absorbed in the large double page of
an open newspaper. His face was working with fury and through his teeth
issued a jerky stream of abuse. This is what he was reading:
There's no doubt that it is his illegitimate (as they used to say in
rotten bourgeois society) son. This is how the pseudo-learned members of our
bourgeoisie amuse themselves. He will only keep his seven rooms until the
glittering sword ofjustice fi'ashes over him like a red ray. Sh . . . r.
Someone was hard at work playing a rousing tune on the balalaika two
rooms away and the sound of a series of intricate variations on 'The Moon is
Shining' mingled in Philip Philipovich's head with the words of the
sickening newspaper article. When he had read it he pretended to spit over
his shoulder and hummed absentmindedly through his teeth: ' "The moo-oon is
shining . . . shining bright . . . the moon is shining . . ." God, that
damned tune's on my brain!'
He rang. Zina's face appeared in the doorway.
'Tell him it's five o'clock and he's to shut up. Then tell him to come
here, please.'
Philip Philipovich sat down in an armchair beside his desk, a brown
cigar butt between the fingers of his left hand. Leaning against the
doorpost there stood, legs crossed, a short man of unpleasant appearance.
His hair grew in clumps of bristles like a stubble field and on his face was
a meadow of unsliaven fluff. His brow was strikingly low. A thick brush of
hair began almost immediately above his spreading eyebrows.
His jacket, torn under the left armpit, was covered with bits of straw,
his checked trousers had a hole on the right knee and the left leg was
stained with violet paint. Round the man's neck was a poisonously bright
blue tie with a gilt tiepin. The colour of the tie was so garish that
whenever Philip Philipovich covered his tired eyes and gazed at the complete
darkness of the ceiling or the wall, he imagined he saw a flaming torch with
a blue halo. As soon as he opened them he was blinded again, dazzled by a
pair of patent-leather boots with white spats.
'Like galoshes,' thought Philip Philipovich with disgust. He sighed,
sniffed and busied himself with relighting his dead cigar. The man in the
doorway stared at the professor with lacklustre eyes and smoked a cigarette,
dropping the ash down his shirtfront.
The clock on the wall beside a carved wooden grouse struck five
o'clock. The inside of the clock was still wheezing as Philip Philipovich
'I think I have asked you twice not to sleep by the stove in the
kitchen - particularly in the daytime.'
The man gave a hoarse cough as though he were choking on a bone and
'It's nicer in the kitchen.'
His voice had an odd quality, at once muffled yet resonant, as if he
were far away and talking into a small barrel.
Philip Philipovich shook his head and asked:
'Where on earth did you get that disgusting thing from? I mean your
Following the direction of the pointing finger, the man's eyes squinted
as he gazed lovingly down at his tie.
'What's disgusting about it?' he said. 'It's a very smart tie. Darya
Petrovna gave it to me.'
'In that case Darya Petrovna has very poor taste. Those boots are
almost as bad. Why did you get such horrible shiny ones? Where did you buy
them? What did I tell you? I told you to find yourself a pair of decent
boots. Just look at them. You don't mean to tell me that Doctor Bormenthal
chose them, do you?'
'I told him to get patent leather ones. Why shouldn't I wear them?
Everybody else does. If you go down Kuznetzky Street you'll see nearly
everybody wearing patent leather boots.'
Philip Philipovich shook his head and pronounced weightily:
'No more sleeping in the kitchen. Understand? I've never heard of such
behaviour. You're a nuisance there and the women don't like it.'
The man scowled and his lips began to pout.
'So what? Those women act as though they owned the place. They're just
maids, but you'd think they were commissars. It's Zina - she's always
bellyaching about me.'
Philip Philipovich gave him a stern look.
'Don't you dare talk about Zina in that tone of voice! Understand?'
'I'm asking you - do you understand?'
'Yes, I understand.'
'Take that trash off your neck. Sha . . . if you saw yourself in a
mirror you'd realise what a fright it makes you look. You look like a clown.
For the hundredth time - don't throw cigarette ends on to the floor. And I
don't want to hear any more swearing in this flat! And don't spit
everywhere! The spittoon's over there. Kindly take better aim when you pee.
Cease all further conversation with Zina. She complains that you lurk round
her room at night. And don't be rude to my patients! Where do'you think you
are - in some dive?'
'Don't be so hard on me. Dad,' the man suddenly said in a tearful
Philip Philipovich turned red and his spectacles flashed.
'Who are you calling "Dad"? What impertinent familiarity! I never want
to hear that word again! You will address me by my name and patronymic!'
The man flared up impudently: 'Oh, why can't you lay off? Don't spit .
. . don't smoke . . . don't go there, don't do this, don't do that . . .
sounds like the rules in a tram. Why don't you leave me alone, for God's
sake? And why shouldn't I call you "Dad", anyway? I didn't ask you to do the
operation, did I?' - the man barked indignantly - 'A nice business -you get
an animal, slice his head open and now you're sick of him. Perhaps I
wouldn't have given permission for the operation. Nor would . . . (the man
stared up at the ceiling as though trying to remember a phrase he had been
taught) . . . nor would my relatives. I bet I could sue you if I wanted to.'
Philip Philipovich's eyes grew quite round and his cigar fell out of
his fingers. 'Well, I'll be . . .' he thought to himself.
'So you object to having been turned into a human being, do you?' he
asked, frowning slightly. 'Perhaps you'd prefer to be sniffing around
dustbins again? Or freezing in doorways? Well, if I'd known that I wouldn't
. . .'
'So what if I had to eat out of dustbins? At least it was an honest
living. And supposing I'd died on your operating table? What d'you say to
that, comrade?'
'My name is Philip Philipovich!' exclaimed the professor irritably.
'I'm not your comrade! This is monstrous!' ('I can't stand it much longer,'
he thought to himself.)
'Oh, yes!' said the man sarcastically, triumphantly uncrossing his
legs. 'I know! Of course we're not comrades! How could we be? I didn't go to
college, I don't own a flat with fifteen rooms and a bathroom. Only all
that's changed now - now everybody has the right to . . .'
Growing rapidly paler, Philip Philipovich listened to the man's
argument. Then the creature stopped and swaggered demonstratively over to an
ashtray with a chewed butt-end in his fingers. He spent a long time stubbing
it out, with a look on his face which clearly said: 'Drop dead!' Having put
out his cigarette he suddenly clicked his teeth and poked his nose under his
'You're supposed to catch fleas with your fingersV shouted Philip
Philipovich in fury. 'Anyhow, how is it that you still have any fleas?'
'You don't think I breed them on purpose, do you?' said the man,
offended. 'I suppose fleas just like me, that's all.' With this he poked his
fingers through the lining of his jacket, scratched around and produced a
tuft of downy red hair.
Philip Philipovich turned his gaze upwards to the plaster rosette on
the ceiling and started drumming his fingers on the desk. Having caught his
flea, the man sat down in a chair, sticking his thumbs behind the lapels of
his jacket. Squinting down at the parquet, he inspected his boots, which
gave him great pleasure. Philip Philipovich also looked down at the
highlights glinting on the man's blunt-toed boots, frowned and enquired:
'What else were you going to say?'
'Oh, nothing, really. I need some papers, Philip Philipovich.'
Philip Philipovich winced. 'H'm . . . papers, eh? Really, well . . .
H'm . . . Perhaps we might . . .' His voice sounded vague and unhappy.
'Now, look,' said the man firmly. 'I can't manage without papers. After
all you know damn well that people who don't have any papers aren't allowed
to exist nowadays. To begin with, there's the house committee.'
'What does the house committee have to do with it?'
'A lot. Every time I meet one of them they ask me when I'm going to get
'Oh, God,' moaned Philip Philipovich. ' "Every time you meet one of
them ..." I can just imagine what you tell them. I thought I told you not to
hang about the staircases, anyway.'
'What am I - a convict?' said the man in amazement. His glow of
righteous indignation made even his fake ruby tiepin light up. "Hang about"
indeed! That's an insult. I walk about just like everybody else.'
So saying he wriggled his patent-leather feet.
Philip Philipovich said nothing, but looked away. 'One must restrain
oneself,' he thought, as he walked over to the sideboard and drank a
glassful of water at one gulp.
'I see,' he said rather more calmly. 'All right, I'll overlook your
tone of voice for the moment. What does your precious house committee say,
'Hell, I don't know exactly. Anyway, you needn't be sarcastic about the
house committee. It protects people's interests.'
'Whose interest, may I ask?'
'The workers', of course.'
Philip Philipovich opened his eyes wide. 'What makes you think that
you're a worker?'
'I must be - I'm not a capitalist.'
'Very well. How does the house committee propose to stand up for your
revolutionary rights?'
'Easy. Put me on the register. They say they've never heard of anybody
being allowed to live in Moscow without being registered. That's for a
start. But the most important thing is an identity card. I don't want to be
arrested for being a deserter.'
'And where, pray, am I supposed to register you? On that tablecloth or
on my own passport? One must, after all, be realistic. Don't forget that you
are . . . h'm, well. . . you are what you might call a ... an unnatural
phenomenon, an artefact . . .' Philip Philipovich sounded less and less
Triumphant, the man said nothing.
'Very well. Let's assume that in the end we shall have to register you,
if only to please this house committee of yours. The trouble is - you have
no name.'
'So what? I can easily choose one. Just put it in the newspapers and
there you are.'
'What do you propose to call yourself?'
The man straightened his tie and replied: Toligraph Poligraphovich.'
'Stop playing the fool,' groaned Philip Philipovich. 'I meant it
The man's face twitched sarcastically.
'I don't get it,' he said ingenuously. 'I mustn't swear. I mustn't
spit. Yet all you ever do is call me names. I suppose only professors are
allowed to swear in the RSFSR.'
Blood rushed to Philip Philipovich's face. He filled a glass, breaking
it as he did so. Having drunk from another one, he thought: 'Much more of
this, and he'll start teaching me how to behave, and he'll be right. I must
control myself.'
He turned round, made an exaggeratedly polite bow and said with iron
self-control: 'I beg your pardon. My nerves are slightly upset. Your name
struck me as a little odd, that is all. Where, as a matter of interest, did
you dig it up?'
'The house committee helped me. We looked in the calendar. And I chose
a name.'
'That name cannot possibly exist on any calendar.'
'Can't it?' The man grinned. 'Then how was it I found it on the
calendar in your consulting-room?'
Without getting up Philip Philipovich leaned over to the knob on the
wall and Zina appeared in answer to the bell.
'Bring me the calendar from the consulting-room.'
There was a pause. When Zina returned with the calendar, Philip
Philipovich asked: 'Where is it?'
'The name-day is March 4th.'
'Show me . . . h'm . . . dammit, throw the thing into the stove at
once.' Zina, blinking with fright, removed the calendar. The man shook his
head reprovingly.
'And what surname will you take?'
'I'll use my real name.'
'You're real name? What is it?'
Shvonder the house committee chairman was standing in his leather tunic
in front of the professor's desk. Doctor Bormen-thal was seated in an
armchair. The doctor's glowing face (he had just come in from the cold) wore
an expression whose perplexity was only equalled by that of Philip
'Write it?' he asked impatiently.
'Yes,' said Shvonder, 'it's not very difficult. Write a certificate,
professor. You know the sort of thing - 'This is to certify that the bearer
is really Poligraph Poligraphovich Sharikov . . . h'm, born in, h'm . . .
this flat.'
Bormenthal wriggled uneasily in his armchair. Philip Philipovich tugged
at his moustache.
'God dammit, I've never heard anything so ridiculous in my life. He
wasn't born at all, he simply . . . well, he sort of..'
'That's your problem,' said Shvonder with quiet malice. 'It's up to you
to decide whether he was born or not ... It was your experiment, professor,
and you brought citizen Sharikov into the world.'
'It's all quite simple,' barked Sharikov from the glass-fronted
cabinet, where he was admiring the reflection of his tie.
'Kindly keep out of this conversation,' growled Philip Philipovich.
'It's not at all simple.'
'Why shouldn't I join in?' spluttered Sharikov in an offended voice,
and Shvonder instantly supported him.
'I'm sorry, professor, but citizen Sharikov is absolutely correct. He
has a right to take part in a discussion about his affairs, especially as
it's about his identity documents. An identity document is the most
important thing in the world.'
At that moment a deafening ring from the telephone cut into the
conversation. Philip Philipovich said into the receiver:
'Yes . . .', then reddened and shouted: 'Will you please not distract
me with trivialities. What's it to do with you?' And he hurled the receiver
back on to the hook.
Delight spread over Shvonder's face.
Purpling, Philip Philipovich roared: 'Right, let's get this finished.'
He tore a sheet of paper from a notepad and scribbled a few words, then
read it aloud in a voice of exasperation:
' "I hereby certify . . ." God, what am I supposed to certify? . . .
let's see . . . "That the bearer is a man created during a laboratory
experiment by means of an operation on the brain and that he requires
identity papers" . . .'I object in principle to his having these idiotic
documents, but still . . . Signed:
"Professor Preobrazhensky!" '
'Really, professor,' said Shvonder in an offended voice. 'What do you
mean by calling these documents idiotic? I can't allow an undocumented
tenant to go on living in this house, especially one who hasn't been
registered with the police for military service. Supposing war suddenly
breaks out with the imperialist aggressors?'
'I'm not going to fight!' yapped Sharikov.
Shvonder was dumbfounded, but quickly recovered himself and said
politely to Sharikov: 'I'm afraid you seem to be completely lacking in
political consciousness, citizen Sharikov. You must register for military
service at once.'
'I'll register, but I'm dammed if I'm going to fight,' answered
Sharikov nonchalantly, straightening his tie.
Now it was Shvonder's turn to be embarrassed. Preobraz-hensky exchanged
a look of grim complicity with Bormenthal, who nodded meaningly.
'I was badly wounded during the operation,' whined Sharikov. 'Look -
they cut me right open.' He pointed to his head. The scar of a fresh
surgical wound bisected his forehead.
'Are you an anarchist-individualist?' asked Shvonder, raising his
'I ought to be exempt on medical grounds,' said Sharikov.
'Well, there's no hurry about it,' said the disconcerted Shvonder.
'Meanwhile we'll send the professor's certificate to the police and they'll
issue your papers.'
'Er, look here . . .' Philip Philipovich suddenly interrupted him,
obviously struck by an idea. 'I suppose you don't liave a room to spare in
the house, do you? I'd be prepared to buy it.'
Yellowish sparks flashed in Shvonder's brown eyes.
'No, professor, I very much regret to say that we don't have a room.
And aren't likely to, either.'
Philip Philipovich clenched his teeth and said nothing. Again the
telephone rang as though to order. Without a word Philip Philipovich flicked
the receiver off the rest so that it hung down, spinning slightly, on its
blue cord. Everybody jumped. 'The old man's getting rattled,' thought
Bormenthal. With a glint in his eyes Shvonder bowed and went out.
Sharikov disappeared after him, his boots creaking.
The professor and Bormenthal were left alone. After a short silence,
Philip Philipovich shook his head gently and said:
'On my word of honour, this is becoming an absolute nightmare. Don't
you see? I swear, doctor, that I've suffered more these last fourteen days
than in the past fourteen years! I tell you, he's a scoundrel . . .'
From a distance came the faint tinkle of breaking glass, followed by a
stifled woman's scream, then silence. An evil spirit dashed down the
corridor, turned into the consulting-room where it produced another crash
and immediately turned back. Doors slammed and Darya Petrovna's low cry was
heard from the kitchen. There was a howl from Sharikov.
'Oh, God, what now!' cried Philip Philipovich, rushing for the door.
'A cat,' guessed Bormenthal and leaped after him. They ran down the
corridor into the hall, burst in, then turned into the passage leading to
the bathroom and the kitchen. Zina came dashing out of the kitchen and ran
full tilt into Philip Philipovich.
'How many times have I told you not to let cats into the flat,' shouted
Philip Philipovich in fury. 'Where is he? Ivan Amoldovich, for God's sake go
and calm the patients in the waiting-room!'
'He's in the bathroom, the devil,' cried Zina, panting. Philip
Philipovich hurled himself at the bathroom door, but it would not give way.
'Open up this minute!'
The only answer from the locked bathroom was the sound of something
leaping up at the walls, smashing glasses, and Sharikov's voice roaring
through the door: 'I'll kill you . . .'
Water could be heard gurgling through the pipes and pouring into the
bathtub. Philip Philipovich leaned against the door and tried to break it
open. Darya Petrovna, clothes torn and face distorted with anger, appeared
in the kitchen doorway. Then the glass transom window, high up in the wall
between the bathroom and the kitchen, shattered with a multiple crack. Two
large fragments crashed into the kitchen followed by a tabby cat of gigantic
proportions with a face like a policeman and a blue bow round its neck. It
fell on to the middle of the table, right into a long platter, which it
broke in half. From there it fell to the floor, turned round on three legs
as it waved the fourth in the air as though executing a dance-step, and
instantly streaked out through the back door, which was slightly ajar.The
door opened wider and the cat was replaced by the face of an old woman in a
headscarf, followed by her polka-dotted skirt. The old woman wiped her mouth
with her index and second fingers, stared round the kitchen with protruding
eyes that burned with curiosity and she said:
'Oh, my lord!'
Pale, Philip Philipovich crossed the kitchen and asked threateningly:
'What do you want?'
'I wanted to have a look at the talking dog,' replied the old woman
ingratiatingly and crossed herself. Philip Philipovich went even paler,
strode up to her and hissed: 'Get out of my kitchen this instant!'
The old woman tottered back toward the door and said plaintively:
'You needn't be so sharp, professor.'
'Get out, I say!' repeated Philip Philipovich and his eyes went as
round as the owl's. He personally slammed the door behind the old woman.
'Darya Petrovna, I've asked you before . . .'
'But Philip Philipovich,' replied Darya Petrovna in desperation,
clenching her hands, 'what can I do? People keep coming in all day long,
however often I throw them out.'
A dull, threatening roar of water was still coming from the bathroom,
although Sharikov was now silent. Doctor Bormenthal came in.
'Please, Ivan Amoldovich ... er... how many patients are there in the
'Eleven,' replied Bormenthal.
'Send them all away, please. I can't see any patients today.'
With a bony finger Philip Philipovich knocked on the bathroom door and
shouted: 'Come out at once! Why have you locked yourself in?'
'Oh . . . oh . . .!' replied Sharikov in tones of misery.
'What on earth ... I can't hear you - turn off the water.'
'Ow-wow! . . .'
'Turn off the water! What has he done? I don't understand . . .' cried
Philip Philipovich, working himself into a frenzy. Zina and Darya Petrovna
opened the kitchen door and peeped out. Once again Philip Philipovich
thundered on the bathroom door with his fist.
'There he is!' screamed Darya Petrovna from the kitchen. Philip
Philipovich rushed in. The distorted features of Poligraph Poligraphovich
appeared through the broken transom and leaned out into the kitchen .His
eyes were tear-stained and there was a long scratch down his nose, red with
fresh blood.
'Have you gone out of your mind?' asked Philip Philipovich. 'Why don't
you come out of there?'
Terrified and miserable, Sharikov stared around and replied:
'I've shut myself in.'
'Unlock the door, then. Haven't you ever seen a lock before?'
'The blasted thing won't open!' replied Poligraph, terrified.
'Oh, my God, he's shut the safety-catch too!' screamed Zina, wringing
her hands.
'There's a sort of button on the lock,' shouted Philip Philipovich,
trying to out-roar the water. 'Press it downwards . . . press it down!
Sharikov vanished, to reappear over the transom a minute later.
'I can't see a thing!' he barked in terror.
'Well, turn the light on then! He's gone crazy!'
'That damned cat smashed the bulb,' replied Sharikov, 'and when I tried
to catch the bastard by the leg I turned on the tap and now I can't find
Appalled, all three wrung their hands in horror.
Five minutes later Bormenthal, Zina and Darya Petrovna were sitting in
a row on a damp carpet that had been rolled up against the foot of the
bathroom door, pressing it hard with their bottoms. Fyodor the porter was
climbing up a ladder into the transom window, with the lighted candle from
Darya Petrovna's ikon in his hand. His posterior, clad in broad grey checks,
hovered in the air, then vanished through the opening.
'Ooh! . . . ow!' came Sharikov's strangled shriek above the roar of
Fyodor's voice was heard: 'There's nothing for it, Philip Philipovich,
we'll have to open the door and let the water out. We can mop it up from the
'Open it then!' shouted Philip Philipovich angrily.
The three got up from the carpet and pushed the bathroom door open.
Immediately a tidal wave gushed out into the passage, where it divided into
three streams - one straight into the lavatory opposite, one to the right
into the kitchen and one to the left into the hall. Splashing and prancing,
Zina shut the door into the hall. Fyodor emerged, up to his ankles in water,
and for some reason grinning. He was soaking wet and looked as if he were
wearing oilskins.
'The water-pressure was so strong, I only just managed to turn it off,'
he explained.
'Where is he?' asked Philip Philipovich, cursing as he lifted one wet
'He's afraid to come out,' said Fyodor, giggling stupidly.
'Will you beat me. Dad' came Sharikov's tearful voice from the
'You idiot!' was Philip Philipovich's terse reply.
Zina and Darya Petrovna, with bare legs and skirts tucked up to their
knees, and Sharikov and the porter barefoot with rolled-up trousers were
hard at work mopping up the kitchen floor with wet cloths, squeezing them
out into dirty buckets and into the sink. The abandoned stove roared away.
The water swirled out of the back door, down the well of the back staircase
and into the cellar.
On tiptoe, Bormenthal was standing in a deep puddle on the parquet
floor of the hall and talking through the crack of the front door, opened
only as far as the chain would allow.
'No consulting hours today, I'm afraid, the professor's not well.
Please keep away from the door, we have a burst pipe.
'But when can the professor see me?' a voice came through the door. 'It
wouldn't take a minute . . .'
'I'm sorry.' Bormenthal rocked back from his toes to his heels. 'The
professor's in bed and a pipe has burst. Come tomorrow. Zina dear, quickly
mop up the hall or it will start running down the front staircase.'
'There's too much - the cloths won't do it.'
'Never mind,' said Fyodor. 'We'll scoop it up with jugs.'
While the doorbell rang ceaselessly, Bormenthal stood up to his ankles
in water.
'When is the operation?' said an insistent voice as it tried to force
its way through the crack of the door.
'A pipe's burst . . .'
'But I've come in galoshes . . .'
Bluish silhouettes appeared outside the door.
'I'm sorry, it's impossible, please come tomorrow.'
'But I have an appointment.'
'Tomorrow. There's been a disaster in the water supply.'
Fyodor splashed about in the lake, scooping it up with a jug, but the
battle-scared Sharikov had thought up a new method. He rolled up an enormous
cloth, lay on his stomach in the water and pushed it backwards from the hall
towards the lavatory.
'What d'you think you're doing, you fool, slopping it all round the
flat?' fumed Darya Petrovna. 'Pour it into the sink.'
'How can I?' replied Sharikov, scooping up the murky water with his
hands. 'If I don't push it back into the flat it'll run out of the front
A bench was pushed creaking out of the corridor, with Philip
Philipovich riding unsteadily on it in his blue striped socks.
'Stop answering the door, Ivan Amoldovich. Go into the bedroom, you can
borrow a pair of my slippers.'
'Don't bother, Philip Philipovich, I'm all right.'
'You're wearing nothing but a pair of galoshes.'
'I don't mind. My feet are wet anyway.'
'Oh, my God!' Philip Philipovich was exhausted and depressed.
'Destructive animal!' Sharikov suddenly burst out as he squatted on the
floor, clutching a soup tureen.
Bormenthal slammed the door, unable to contain himself any longer and
burst into laughter. Philip Philipovich blew out his nostrils and his
spectacles glittered.
'What are you talking about?' he asked Sharikov from the eminence of
his bench.
'I was talking about the cat. Filthy swine,' answered Sharikov, his
eyes swivelling guiltily.
'Look here, Sharikov,' retorted Philip Philipovich, taking a deep
breath. 'I swear I have never seen a more impudent creature than you.'
Bormenthal giggled.
'You,' went on Philip Philipovich, 'are nothing but a lout. How dare
you say that? You caused the whole thing and you have the gall . . . No,
really! It's too much!'
'Tell me, Sharikov,' said Bormenthal, 'how much longer are you going to
chase cats? You ought to be ashamed of yourself. It's disgraceful! You're a
'Me - a savage?' snarled Sharikov. 'I'm no savage. I won't stand for
that cat in this flat. It only comes here to find what it can pinch. It
stole Darya's mincemeat. I wanted to teach it a lesson.'
'You should teach yourself a lesson!' replied Philip Philipovich. 'Just
take a look at your face in the mirror.'
'Nearly scratched my eyes out,' said Sharikov gloomily, wiping a dirty
hand across his eyes.
By the time that the water-blackened parquet had dried out a little,
all the mirrors were covered in a veil of condensed vapour and the doorbell
had stopped ringing. Philip Philipovich in red morocco slippers was standing
in the hall.
'There you are, Fyodor. Thank you.'
'Thank you very much, sir.'
'Mind you change your clothes straight away. No, wait -have a glass of
Darya Petrovna's vodka before you go.'
'Thank you, sir,' Fyodor squirmed awkwardly, then said:
'There is one more thing, Philip Philipovich. I'm sorry, I hardly like
to mention it, but it's the matter of the window-pane in No 7. Citizen
Sharikov threw some stones at it, you see . . .'
'Did he throw them at a cat?' asked Philip Philipovich, frowning like a
'Well, no, he was throwing them at the owner of the flat. He's
threatening to sue.'
'Oh, lord!'
'Sharikov tried to kiss their cook and they threw him out. They had a
bit of a fight, it seems.'
'For God's sake, do you have to tell me all these disasters at once?
How much?'
'One rouble and 50 kopecks.'
Philip Philipovich took out three shining 50-kopeck pieces and handed
them to Fyodor.
'And on top of it all you have to pay 1 rouble and 50 kopecks because
of that damned cat,' grumbled a voice from the doorway. 'It was all the
cat's fault . . .'
Philip Philipovich turned round, bit his lip and gripped Sharikov.
Without a word he pushed him into the waiting-room and locked the door.
Sharik immediately started to hammer on the door with his fists.
'Shut up!' shouted Philip Philipovich in a voice that was nearly
'This is the limit,' said Fyodor meaningfully. 'I've never seen such
impudence in my life.'
Bormenthal seemed to materialise out of the floor.
'Please, Philip Philipovich, don't upset yourself.'
The doctor thrust open the door into the waiting-room.
He could be heard saying: 'Where d'you think you are? In some dive?'
'That's it,' said Fyodor approvingly. 'Serve him right . . .a punch on
the ear's what he needs . . .'
'No, not that, Fyodor,' growled Philip Philipovich sadly. 'I think
you've just about had all you can take, Philip Philipovich.'


'No, no, no!' insisted Bormenthal. 'You must tuck in vour napkin.'
'Why the hell should I,' grumbled Sharikov.
'Thank you, doctor,' said Philip Philipovich gratefully. 'I simply
haven't the energy to reprimand him any longer.'
'I shan't allow you to start eating until you put on your napkin. Zina,
take the mayonnaise away from Sharikov.'
'Hey, don't do that,' said Sharikov plaintively. 'I'll put it on
straight away.'
Pushing away the dish from Zina with his left hand and stuffing a
napkin down his collar with the right hand, he looked exactly like a
customer in a barber's shop.
'And eat with your fork, please,' added Bormenthal.
Sighing long and heavily Sharikov chased slices of sturgeon around in a
thick sauce.
'Can't I have some vodka?' he asked.
'Will you kindly keep quiet?' said Bormenthal. 'You've been at the
vodka too often lately.'
'Do you grudge me it?' asked Sharikov, glowering sullenly across the
'Stop talking such damn nonsense . . .' Philip Philipovich broke in
harshly, but Bormenthal interrupted him.
'Don't worry, Philip Philipovich, leave it to me. You, Sharikov are
talking nonsense and the most disturbing thing of all is that you talk it
with such complete confidence. Of course I don't grudge you the vodka,
especially as it's not mine but belongs to Philip Philipovich. It's simply
that it's harmful. That's for a start; secondly you behave badly enough
without vodka.' Bormenthal pointed to where the sideboard had been broken
and glued together.
'Zina, dear, give me a little more fish please,' said the professor.
Meanwhile Sharikov had stretched out his hand towards the decanter and,
with a sideways glance at Bormenthal, poured himself out a glassful.
'You should offer it to the others first,' said Bormenthal. 'Like this
- first to Philip Philipovich, then to me, then yourself.'
A faint, sarcastic grin nickered across Sharikov's mouth and he poured
out glasses of vodka all round.
'You act just as if you were on parade here,' he said. 'Put your napkin
here, your tie there, "please", "thank you", "excuse me" -why can't you
behave naturally? Honestly, you stuffed shirts act as if it was still the
days oftsarism.'
'What do you mean by "behave naturally"?'
Sharikov did not answer Philip Philipovich's question, but raised his
glass and said: 'Here's how . . .'
'And you too,' echoed Bormenthal with a tinge of irony.
Sharikov tossed the glassful down his throat, blinked, lifted a piece
of bread to his nose, sniffed it, then swallowed it as his eyes filled with
'Phase,' Philip Philipovich suddenly blurted out, as if preoccupied.
Bormenthal gave him an astonished look. 'I'm sorry? . . .'
'It's a phase,' repeated Philip Philipovich and nodded bitterly.
'There's nothing we can do about it. Klim.'
Deeply interested, Bormenthal glanced sharply into Philip Philipovich's
eyes: 'Do you suppose so, Philip Philipovich?' 'I don't suppose; I'm
'Can it be that . . .' began Bormenthal, then stopped after a glance at
Sharikov, who was frowning suspiciously. 'Spdter . . .' said Philip
Philipovich softly. 'Gut,' replied his assistant.
Zina brought in the turkey. Bormenthal poured out some red wine for
Philip Philipovich, then offered some to Sharikov.
'Not for me, I prefer vodka.' His face had grown puffy, sweat was
breaking out on his forehead and he was distinctly merrier. Philip
Philipovich also cheered up slightly after drinking some wine. His eyes grew
clearer and he looked rather more approvingly at Sharikov, whose black head
above his white napkin now shone like a fly in a pool of cream.
Bormenthal however, when fortified, seemed to want activity.
'Well now, what are you and I going to do this evening?' he asked
Sharikov winked and replied: 'Let's go to the circus. I like that
'Why go to the circus every day?' remarked Philip Philipovich in a
good-humoured voice. 'It sounds so boring to me. If I were you I'd go to the
'I won't go to the theatre,' answered Sharikov nonchalantly and made
the sign of the cross over his mouth.
'Hiccuping at table takes other people's appetites away,' said
Bormenthal automatically. 'If you don't mind my mentioning it...
Incidentally, why don't you like the theatre?' Sharikov held his empty glass
up to his eye and looked through it as though it were an opera glass. After
some thought he pouted and said:
'Hell, it's just rot . . . talk, talk. Pure counter-revolution.'
Philip Philipovich leaned against his high, carved gothic chairback and
laughed so hard that he displayed what looked like two rows of gold
fence-posts. Bormenthal merely shook his head.
'You should do some reading,' he suggested, 'and then, perhaps . . .'
'But I read a lot . . .' answered Sharikov, quickly and surreptitiously
pouring himself half a glass of vodka.
'Zina!' cried Philip Philipovich anxiously. 'Clear away the vodka, my
dear. We don't need it any more . . . What have you been reading?'
He suddenly had a mental picture of a desert island, palm trees, and a
man dressed in goatskins. 'I'll bet he says Robinson Crusoe . . .'he
'That guy . . . what's his name . . . Engels' correspondence with . . .
hell, what d'you call him ... oh - Kautsky.'
Bormenthal's forkful of turkey meat stopped in mid-air and Philip
Philipovich choked on his wine. Sharikov seized this moment to gulp down his
Philip Philipovich put his elbows on the table, stared at Sharikov and
'What comment can you make on what you've read?'
Sharikov shrugged. 'I don't agree.'
'With whom - Engels or Kautsky?'
'With neither of 'em,' replied Sharikov.
'That is most remarkable. Anybody who says that . . . Well, what would
you suggest instead?'
'Suggest? I dunno . . . They just write and write all that rot ... all
about some congress and some Germans . . . makes my head reel. Take
everything away from the bosses, then divide it up . . .'
'Just as I thought!' exclaimed Philip Philipovich, slapping the
tablecloth with his palm. 'Just as I thought.'
'And how is this to be done?' asked Bormenthal with interest.
'How to do it?' Sharikov, grown loquacious with wine, explained
'Easy. Fr'instance - here's one guy with seven rooms and forty pairs of
trousers and there's another guy who has to eat out of dustbins.'
'I suppose that remark about the seven rooms is a hint about me?' asked
Philip Philipovich with a haughty raise of the eyebrows.
Sharikov hunched his shoulders and said no more. 'All right, I've
nothing against fair shares. How many patients did you turn away yesterday,
doctor?' 'Thirty-nine,' was Bormenthal's immediate reply. 'H'm . . . 390
roubles, shared between us three. I won't count Zina and Darya Petrovna.
Right, Sharikov - that means your share is 130 roubles. Kindly hand it
'Hey, wait a minute,' said Sharikov, beginning to be scared. 'What's
the idea? What d'you mean?'
'I mean the cat and the tap,' Philip Philipovich suddenly roared,
dropping his mask of ironic imperturbability. 'Philip Philipovich!'
exclaimed Bormenthal anxiously. 'Don't interrupt. The scene you created
yesterday was intolerable, and thanks to you I had to turn away all my
patients. You were leaping around in the bathroom like a savage, smashing
everything and jamming the taps. Who killed Madame Polasukher's cat? Who . .
'The day before yesterday, Sharikov, you bit a lady you met on the
staircase,' put in Bormenthal.
'You ought to be . . .' roared Philip Philipovich.
'But she slapped me across the mouth,' whined Sharikov 'She can't go
doing that to me!'
'She slapped you because you pinched her on the bosom,' shouted
Bormenthal, knocking over a glass. 'You stand there and . . .'
'You belong to the lowest possible stage of development,' Philip
Philipovich shouted him down. 'You are still in the formative stage. You are
intellectually weak, all your actions are purely bestial. Yet you allow
yourself in the presence of two university-educated men to offer advice,
with quite intolerable familiarity, on a cosmic scale and of quite cosmic
stupidity, on the redistribution of wealth . . . and at the same time you
eat toothpaste . . .'
'The day before yesterday,' added Bormenthal.
'And now,' thundered Philip Philipovich, 'that you have nearly got your
nose scratched off - incidentally, why have you wiped the zinc ointment off
it? - you can just shut up and listen to what you're told. You are going to
leam to behave and try to become a marginally acceptable member of society.
By the way, who was fool enough to lend you that book?'
'There you go again - calling everybody fools,' replied Sharikov
nervously, deafened by the attack on him from both sides.
'Let me guess,' exclaimed Philip Philipovich, turning red with fury.
'Well, Shvonder gave it to me ... so what? He's not a fool ... it was
so I could get educated.'
'I can see which way your education is going after reading Kautsky,'
shouted Philip Philipovich, hoarse and turning faintly yellow. With this he
gave the bell a furious jab. 'Today's incident shows it better than anything
else. Zina!'
'Zina!' shouted Bormenthal.
'Zina!' cried the terrified Sharikov.
Looking pale, Zina ran into the room.
'Zina, there's a book in the waiting-room ... It is in the
waiting-room, isn't it?'
'Yes, it is,' said Sharikov obediently. 'Green, the colour of copper
'A green book . . .'
'Bum it if you like,' cried Sharikov in desperation. 'It's only a
public library book.'
'It's called Correspondence . . . between, er, Engels and that other
man, what's his name . . . Anyway, throw it into the stove!'
Zina flew out.
'I'd like to hang that Shvonder, on my word of honour, on the first
tree,' said Philip Philipovich, with a furious lunge at a turkey-wing.
'There's a gang of poisonous people in this house - it's just like an
abscess. To say nothing of his idiotic newspapers . . .'
Sharikov gave the professor a look of malicious sarcasm. Philip
Philipovich in his turn shot him a sideways glance and said no more.
'Oh, dear, it looks as if nothing's going to go right,' came
Bormenthal's sudden and prophetic thought.
Zina brought in a layer cake on a dish and a coffee pot.
'I'm not eating any of that,' Sharikov growled threateningly.
'No one has offered you any. Behave yourself. Please have some,
Dinner ended in silence.
Sharikov pulled a crumpled cigarette out of his pocket and lit it.
Having drunk his coffee, Philip Philipovich looked at the clock. He pressed
his repeater and it gently struck a quarter past eight. As was his habit
Philip Philipovich leaned against his gothic chairback and turned to the
newspaper on a side-table.
'Would you like to go to the circus with him tonight, doctor? Only do
check the programme in advance and make sure there are no cats in it.'
'I don't know how they let such filthy beasts into the circus at all,'
said Sharikov sullenly, shaking his head.
'Well never mind what filthy beasts they let into the circus for the
moment,' said Philip Philipovich ambiguously. 'What's on tonight?'
'At Solomon's,' Bormenthal began to read out, 'there's something called
the Four. . . . the Four Yooshems and the Human Ball-Bearing.'
'What are Yooshems?' enquired Philip Philipovich suspiciously.
'God knows. First time I've ever come across the word.'
'Well in that case you'd better look at Nikita's. We must be absolutely
sure about what we're going to see.'
'Nikita's . . . Nikita's . . . h'm . . . elephants and the Ultimate in
Human Dexterity.'
'I see. What is your attitude to elephants, my dear Sharikov?' enquired
Philip Philipovich mistrustfully. Sharikov was immediately offended.
'Hell - I don't know. Cats are a special case. Elephants are useful
animals,' replied Sharikov.
'Excellent. As long as you think they're useful you can go and watch
them. Do as Ivan Arnoldovich tells you. And don't get talking to anyone in
the bar! I beg you, Ivan Arnoldovich, not to offer Sharikov beer to drink.'
Ten minutes later Ivan Arnoldovich and Sharikov, dressed in a peaked
cap and a raglan overcoat with turned-up collar, set off for the circus.
Silence descended on the flat. Philip Philipovich went into his study. He
switched on the lamp under its heavy green shade, which gave the study a
great sense of calm, and began to pace the room. The tip of his cigar glowed
long and hard with its pale green fire. The professor put his hands into his
pockets and deep thoughts racked his balding, learned brow. Now and again he
smacked his lips, hummed 'to the banks of the sacred Nile . . .' and
muttered something. Finally he put his cigar into the ashtray, went over to
the glass cabinet and lit up the entire study with the three powerful lamps
in the ceiling. From the third glass shelf Philip Philipovich took out a
narrow jar and began, frowning, to examine it by the lamplight. Suspended in
a transparent, viscous liquid there swam a little white blob that had been
extracted from the depths of Sharik's brain. With a shrug of his shoulders,
twisting his lips and murmuring to himself, Philip Philipovich devoured it
with his eyes as though the floating white blob might unravel the secret of
the curious events which had turned life upside down in that flat on
It could be that this most learned man did succeed in divining the
secret. At any rate, having gazed his full at this cerebral appendage he
returned the jar to the cabinet, locked it, put the key into his waistcoat
pocket and collapsed, head pressed down between his shoulders and hands
thrust deep into his jacket pockets, on to the leather-covered couch. He
puffed long and hard at another cigar, chewing its end to fragments.
Finally, looking like a greying Faust in the green-tinged lamplight, he
exclaimed aloud:
'Yes, by God, I will.'
There was no one to reply. Every sound in the flat was hushed. By
eleven o'clock the traffic in Obukhov Street always died down. The rare
footfall of a belated walker echoed in the distance, ringing out somewhere
beyond the lowered blinds, then dying away. In Philip Philipovich's study
his repeater chimed gently beneath his fingers in his waistcoat pocket . . .
Impatiently the professor waited for Doctor Bormenthal and Sharikov to
return from the circus.


We do not know what Philip Philipovich had decided to do. He did
nothing in particular during the subsequent week and perhaps as a result of
this things began happening fast.
About six days after the affair with the bath-water and the cat, the
young person from the house committee who had turned out to be a woman came
to Sharikov and handed him some papers. Sharikov put them into his pocket
and immediately called Doctor Bormenthal.
'Kindly address me by my name and patronymic!' retorted Bormenthal, his
expression clouding. I should mention that in the past six days the great
surgeon had managed to quarrel eight times with his ward Sharikov and the
atmosphere in the flat was tense.
'All right, then you can call me by my name and patronymic too!'
replied Sharikov with complete justification.
'No!' thundered Philip Philipovich from the doorway. 'I forbid you to
utter such an idiotic name in my flat. If you want us to stop calling you
Sharikov, Doctor Bormenthal and I will call you "Mister Sharikov".'
'I'm not mister - all the "misters" are in Paris!' barked Sharikov.
'I see Shvonder's been at work on you!' shouted Philip Philipovich.
'Well, I'll fix that rascal. There will only be "misters" in my flat as long
as I'm living in it! Otherwise either I or you will get out, and it's more
likely to be you. I'm putting a "room wanted" advertisement in the papers
today and believe me I intend to find you a room.'
'You don't think I'm such a fool as to leave here, do you?' was
Sharikov's crisp retort.
'What?' cried Philip Philipovich. Such a change came over his
expression that Bormenthal rushed anxiously to his side and gently took him
by the sleeve.
'Don't you be so impertinent, Monsieur Sharikov!' said Bormenthal,
raising his voice. Sharikov stepped back and pulled three pieces of paper
out of his pocket - one green, one yellow and one white, and said as he
tapped them with his fingers:
'There. I'm now a member of this residential association and the tenant
in charge of flat No. 5, Preobrazhensky, has got to give me my entitlement
of thirty-seven square feet . . .' Sharikov thought for a moment and then
added a word which Bormenthal's mind automatically recorded as new -
Philip Philipovich bit his lip and said rashly:
'I swear I'll shoot that Shvonder one of these days.'
It was obvious from the look in Sharikov's eyes that he had taken
careful note of the remark.
'Vorsicht, Philip Philipovich . . .' warned Bormenthal.
'Well, what do you expect? The gall of it . . .!' shouted Philip
Philipovich in Russian.
'Look here, Sharikov ... Mister Sharikov ... If you commit one more
piece of impudence I shall deprive you of your dinner, in fact of all your
food. Thirty-seven square feet may be all very well, but there's nothing on
that stinking little bit of paper which says that I have to feed you!'
Frightened, Sharikov opened his mouth.
'I can't go without food,' he mumbled. 'Where would I eat?'
'Then behave yourself!' cried both doctors in chorus. Sharikov relapsed
into meaningful silence and did no harm to anybody that day with the
exception of himself - taking advantage of Bormenthal's brief absence he got
hold of the doctor's razor and cut his cheek-bone so badly that Philip
Philipovich and Doctor Bormenthal had to bandage the cut with much wailing
and weeping on Sharikov's part.
Next evening two men sat in the green twilight of the professor's study
- Philip Philipovich and the faithful, devoted Bormenthal. The house was
asleep. Philip Philipovich was wearing his sky-blue dressing gown and red
slippers, while Bormenthal was in his shirt and blue braces. On the round
table between the doctors, beside a thick album, stood a bottle of brandy, a
plate of sliced lemon and a box of cigars. Through the smoke-laden air the
two scientists were heatedly discussing the latest event: that evening
Sharikov had stolen two 10-rouble notes which had been lying under a
paperweight in Philip Philipovich's study, had disappeared from the flat and
then returned later completely drunk. But that was not all. With him had
come two unknown characters who had created a great deal of noise on the
front staircase and expressed a desire to spend the night with Sharikov. The
individuals in question were only removed after Fyodor, appearing on the
scene with a coat thrown over his underwear, had telephoned the 45th
Precinct police station. The individuals vanished instantly as soon as
Fyodor had replaced the receiver. After they had gone it was found that a
malachite ashtray had mysteriously vanished from a console in the hall, also
Philip Philipovich's beaver hat and his walking-stick with a gold band
inscribed: 'From the grateful hospital staff to Philip Philipovich in memory
of "X"-day with affection and respect/
'Who were they?' said Philip Philipovich aggressively, clenching his
fists. Staggering and clutching the fur-coats, Sharikov muttered something
about not knowing who they were, that they were a couple of bastards but
good chaps.
'The strangest thing of all was that they were both drunk . . . How did
they manage to lay their hands on the stuff?' said Philip Philipovich in
astonishment, glancing at the place where his presentation walking-stick had
stood until recently.
'They're experts,' explained Fyodor as he returned home to bed with a
rouble in his pocket.
Sharikov categorically denied having stolen the 20 roubles, mumbling
something indistinct about himself not being the only person in the flat.
'Aha, I see - I suppose Doctor Bormenthal stole the money?' enquired
Philip Philipovich in a voice that was quiet but terrifying in its
Sharikov staggered, opened his bleary eyes and offered the suggestion:
'Maybe Zina took it . . .*
'What?' screamed Zina, appearing in the doorway like a spectre,
clutching an unbuttoned cardigan across her bosom.
'How could he . . .'
Philip Philipovich's neck flushed red.
'Calm down, Zina,' he said, stretching out his arm to her, 'don't get
upset, we'll fix this.'
Zina immediately burst into tears, her mouth fell wide open and her
hand dropped from her bosom.
'Zina - aren't you ashamed? Who could imagine you taking it? What a
disgraceful exhibition!' said Bormenthal in deep embarrassment.
'You silly girl, Zina, God forgive you . . .' began Philip Philipovich.
But at that moment Zina stopped crying and the others froze in horror -
Sharikov was feeling unwell. Banging his head against the wall, he was
emitting a moan that was pitched somewhere between the vowels 'i' and 'o' -
a sort of 'eeuuhh'. His face turned pale and his jaw twitched convulsively.
'Look out - get the swine that bucket from the consulting-room!'
Everybody rushed to help the ailing Sharikov. As he staggered off to
bed supported by Bormenthal he swore gently and melodiously, despite a
certain difficulty in enunciation.
The whole affair had occurred around 1 am and now it was Sam, but the
two men in the study talked on, fortified by brandy and lemon. The tobacco
smoke in the room was so dense that it moved about in slow, flat, unruffled
Doctor Bormenthal, pale but determined, raised his thin-stemmed glass.
'Philip Philipovich,' he exclaimed with great feeling, 'I shall never
forget how as a half-starved student I came to you and you took me under
your wing. Believe me, Philip Philipovich, you are much more to me than a
professor, a teacher . . . My respect for you is boundless . . . Allow me to
embrace you, dear Philip Philipovich . . .'
'Yes, yes, my dear fellow . . .' grunted Philip Philipovich in
embarrassment and rose to meet him. Bormenthal embraced him and kissed him
on his bushy, nicotine-stained moustaches.
'Honestly, Philip Phili . . .'
'Very touching, very touching . . . Thank you,' said Philip
Philipovich. 'I'm afraid I sometimes bawl at you during operations. You must
forgive an old man's testiness. The fact is I'm really so lonely ..."...
from Granada to Seville . . ." '
'How can you say that, Philip Philipovich?' exclaimed Bormenthal with
great sincerity. 'Kindly don't talk like that again unless you want to
offend me . . .'
'Thank you, thank you ..."... to the banks of the sacred Nile ..."...
thank you ... I liked you because you were such a competent doctor.'
'I tell you, Philip Philipovich, it's the only way . . .' cried
Bormenthal passionately. Leaping up from his place he firmly shut the door
leading into the corridor, came back and went on in a whisper: 'Don't you
see, it's the only way out? Naturally I wouldn't dare to offer you advice,
but look at yourself, Philip Philipovich - you're completely worn out,
you're in no fit state to go on working!'
'You're quite right,' agreed Philip Philipovich with a sigh.
'Very well, then, you agree this can't go on,' whispered Bormenthal.
'Last time you said you were afraid for me and I wish you knew, my dear
professor, how that touched me. But I'm not a child either and I can see
only too well what a terrible affair this could be. But I am deeply
convinced that there is no other solution.'
Philip Philipovich stood up, waved his arms at him and cried:
'Don't tempt me. Don't even mention it.' The professor walked up and
down the room, disturbing the grey swathes. 'I won't hear of it. Don't you
realise what would happen if they found us out? Because of our "social
origins" you and I would never get away with it, despite the fact of it
being our first offence. I don't suppose your "origins" are any better than
mine, are they?'
'I suppose not. My father was a plain-clothes policeman in Vilno,' said
Bormenthal as he drained his brandy glass.
'There you are, just as I thought. From the Bolshevik's point of view
you couldn't have come from a more unsuitable background. Still, mine is
even worse. My father was dean of a cathedral. Perfect. ". . . from Granada
to Seville ... in the silent shades of night. . ." So there we are.'
'But Philip Philipovich, you're a celebrity, a figure of world-wide
importance, and just because of some, forgive the expression, bastard . . .
Surely they can't touch you!'
'All the same, I refuse to do it,' said Philip Philipovich
He stopped and stared at the glass-fronted cabinet. 'But why?'
'Because you are not a figure of world importance.' 'But what . . .'
'Come now, you don't think I could let you take the rap while I shelter
behind my world-wide reputation, do you? Really . . . I'm a Moscow
University graduate, not a Sharikov.'
Philip Philipovich proudly squared his shoulders and looked like an
ancient king of France.
'Well, then, Philip Philipovich,' sighed Bormenthal. 'What's to be
done? Are you just going to wait until that hooligan turns into a human
Philip Philipovich stopped him with a gesture, poured himself a brandy,
sipped it, sucked a slice of lemon and said:
'Ivan Arnoldovich. Do you think I understand a little about the anatomy
and physiology of, shall we say, the human brain? What's your opinion?'
'Philip Philipovich - what a question!' replied Bormenthal with deep
feeling and spread his hands.
'Very well. No need, therefore, for any false modesty. I also believe
that I am perhaps not entirely unknown in this field in Moscow.'
'I believe there's no one to touch you, not only in Moscow but in
London and Oxford too!' Bormenthal interrupted furiously.
'Good. So be it. Now listen to me, professor-to-be-Bor-menthal: no one
could ever pull it off. It's obvious. No need to ask. If anybody asks you,
tell them that Preobrazhensky said so. Finite. Klim!' - Philip Philipovich
suddenly cried triumphantly and the glass cabinet vibrated in response.
'Klim,' he repeated. 'Now, Bormenthal, you are the first pupil of my school
and apart from that my friend, as I was able to convince myself today. So I
will tell you as a friend, in secret - because of course I know that you
wouldn't expose me - that this old ass Preobrazhensky bungled that operation
like a third-year medical student. It's true that it resulted in a discovery
- and you know yourself just what sort of a discovery that was' - here
Philip Philipovich pointed sadly with both hands towards the window-blind,
obviously pointing to Moscow - 'but just remember, Ivan Arnoldovich, that
the sole result of that discovery will be that from now on we shall all have
that creature Sharik hanging round our necks' - here Preobrazhensky slapped
himself on his bent and slightly sclerotic neck - 'of that you may be sure!
If someone,' went on Philip Philipovich with relish, 'were to knock me down
and skewer me right now, I'd give him 50 roubles reward! ". . . from Granada
to Seville ..."... Dammit, I spent five years doing nothing but extracting
cerebral appendages . . . You know how much work I did on the subject - an
unbelievable amount. And now comes the crucial question - what for? So that
one fine day a nice litde dog could be transformed into a specimen of
so-called humanity so revolting that he makes one's hair stand on end.'
'Well, at least it is a unique achievement.'
'I quite agree with you. This, doctor, is what happens when a
researcher, instead of keeping in step with nature, tries to force the pace
and lift the veil. Result - Sharikov. We have made our bed and now we must
lie on it.'
'Supposing the brain had been Spinoza's, Philip Philipovich?'
'Yes!' bellowed Philip Philipovich. 'Yes! Provided the wretched dog
didn't die under the knife - and you saw how tricky the operation was. In
short - I, Philip Preobrazhensky would perform the most difficult feat of my
whole career by transplanting Spinoza's, or anyone else's pituitary and
turning a dog into a highly intelligent being. But what in heaven's name
for? That's the point. Will you kindly tell me why one has to manufacture
artificial Spinozas when some peasant woman may produce a real one any day
of the week? After all, the great Lomonosov was the son of a peasant woman
from Kholmogory. Mankind, doctor, takes care of that. Every year evolution
ruthlessly casts aside the mass of dross and creates a few dozen men of
genius who become an ornament to the whole world. Now I hope you understand
why I condemned the deductions you made from Sharikov's case history. My
discovery, which you are so concerned about, is worth about as much as a
bent penny . . . No, don't argue, Ivan Arnoldovich, I have given it careful
thought. I don't give my views lightly, as you well know. Theoretically the
experiment was interesting. Fine. The physiologists will be delighted.
Moscow will go mad ... But what is its practical value? What is this
creature?' Preobrazhensky pointed toward the consulting-room where Sharikov
was asleep.
'An unmitigated scoundrel.'
'But what was Klim . . . Klim,' cried the professor. 'What was Klim
Chugunkin?' (Bormenthal opened his mouth.) 'I'll tell you: two convictions,
an alcoholic, "take away all property and divide it up", my beaver hat and
20 roubles gone' - (At this point Philip Philipovich also remembered his
presentation walking-stick and turned purple.) - 'the swine! ... I'll get
that stick back somehow ... In short the pituitary is a magic box which
determines the individual human image. Yes, individual ..."... from Granda
to Seville . . ." ' shouted Philip Philipovich, his eyes rolling furiously,
'but not the universal human image. It's the brain itself in miniature. And
it's of no use to me at all - to hell with it. I was concerned about
something quite different, about eugenics, about the improvement of the
human race. And now I've ended up by specialising in rejuvenation. You don't
think I do these rejuvenation operations because of the money, do you? I am
a scientist.'
'And a great scientist!' said Bormenthal, gulping down his brandy. His
eyes grew bloodshot.
'I wanted to do a little experiment as a follow-up to my success two
years ago in extracting sex hormone from the pituitary. Instead of that what
has happened? My God! What use were those hormones in the pituitary . . .
Doctor, I am faced by despair. I confess I am utterly perplexed.'
Suddenly Bormenthal rolled up his sleeves and said, squinting at the
tip of his nose:
'Right then, professor, if you don't want to, I will take the risk of
dosing him with arsenic myself. I don't care if my father was a
plain-clothes policeman under the old regime. When all's said and done this
creature is yours - your own experimental creation.'
Philip Philipovich, limp and exhausted, collapsed into his chair and
'No, my dear boy, I won't let you do it. I'm sixty, old enough to give
you advice. Never do anything criminal, no matter for what reason. Keep your
hands clean all your life.'
'But just think, Philip Philipovich, what he may turn into if that
character Shvonder keeps on at him! I'm only just beginning to realise what
Sharikov may become, by God!'
'Aha, so you realise now, do you? Well I realised it ten days after the
operation. My only comfort is that Shvonder is the biggest fool of all. He
doesn't realise that Sharikov is much more of a threat to him than he is to
me. At the moment he's doing all he can to turn Sharikov against me, not
realising that if someone in their turn sets Sharikov against Shvonder
himself, there'll soon be nothing left of Shvonder but the bones and the
'You're right. Just think of the way he goes for cats. He's a man with
the heart of a dog.'
'Oh, no, no,' drawled Philip Philipovich in reply. 'You're making a big
mistake, doctor. For heaven's sake don't insult the dog. His reaction to
cats is purely temporary . . . It's a question of discipline, which could be
dealt with in two or three weeks, I assure you. Another month or so and
he'll stop chasing them.'
'But why hasn't he stopped by now?' 'Elementary, Ivan Arnoldovich . . .
think what you're saying. After all, the pituitary is not suspended in a
vacuum. It is, after all, grafted on to a canine brain, you must allow time
for it to take root. Sharikov now only shows traces of canine behaviour and
you must remember this - chasing after cats is the least objectionable thing
he does! The whole horror of the situation is that he now has a human heart,
not a dog's heart. And about the rottenest heart in all creation!'
Bormenthal, wrought to a state of extreme anxiety, clenched his
powerful sinewy hands, shrugged and said firmly:
'Very well, I shall kill him!'
'I forbid it!' answered Philip Philipovich categorically.
Philip Philipovich was suddenly on the alert. He raised his finger.
'Wait ... I heard footsteps.'
Both listened intently, but there was silence in the corridor.
'I thought. . .' said Philip Philipovich and began speaking German,
several times using the Russian word 'crime'.
'Just a minute,' Bormenthal suddenly warned him and strode over to the
Footsteps could be clearly heard approaching the study, and there was a
mumble of voices. Bormenthal flung open the door and started back in
amazement. Appalled, Philip Philipovich froze in his armchair. In the bright
rectangle of the doorway stood Darya Petrovna in nothing but her nightdress,
her face hot and furious. Both doctor and professor were dazzled by the
amplitude of her powerful body, which their shock caused them to see as
naked. Darya Petrovna was dragging something along in her enormous hands and
as that 'something' came to a halt it slid down and sat on its bottom. Its
short legs, covered in black down, folded up on the parquet floor. The
'something', of course, was Sharikov, confused, still slightly drunk,
dishevelled and wearing only a shirt.
Darya Petrovna, naked and magnificent, shook Sharikov like a sack of
potatoes and said:
'Just look at our precious lodger Telegraph Telegraphovich. I've been
married, but Zina's an innocent girl. It was a good thing I woke up.'
Having said her piece, Darya Petrovna was overcome by shame, gave a
scream, covered her bosom with her arms and vanished.
'Darya Petrovna, please forgive us,' the red-faced Philip Philipovich
shouted after her as soon as he had regained his senses.
Bormenthal rolled up his shirtsleeves higher still and bore down on
Sharikov. Philip Philipovich caught the look in his eye and said in horror:
'Doctor! I forbid you . . .'
With his right hand Bormenthal picked up Sharikov by the scruff of his
neck and shook him so violently that the material of his shirt tore.
Philip Philipovich threw himself between them and began to drag the
puny Sharikov free from Bormenthal's powerful surgeon's hands.
'You haven't any right to beat me,' said Sharikov in a stifled moan,
rapidly sobering as he slumped to the ground. 'Doctor!' shrieked Philip
Philipovich. Bormenthal pulled himself together slightly and let Sharikov
go. He at once began to whimper.
'Right,' hissed Bormenthal, 'just wait till tomorrow. I'll fix a little
demonstration for him when he sobers up.' With this he grabbed Sharikov
under the armpit and dragged him to his bed in the waiting-room. Sharikov
tried to kick, but his legs refused to obey him.
Philip Philipovich spread his legs wide, sending the skirts of his robe
flapping, raised his arms and his eyes towards the lamp in the corridor
ceiling and sighed.


The 'little demonstration' which Bormenthal had promised to lay on for
Sharikov did not, however, take place the following morning, because
Poligraph Poligraphovich had disappeared from the house. Bormenthal gave way
to despair, cursing himself for a fool for not having hidden the key of the
front door. Shouting that this was unforgivable, he ended by wishing
Sharikov would fall under a bus. Philip Philipovich, who was sitting in his
study running his fingers through his hair, said:
'I can just imagine what he must be up to on the street. . . I can just
imagine .. . "from Granada to Seville .. ." My God.'
'He may be with the house committee,' said Bormenthal furiously, and
dashed off.
At the house committee he swore at the chairman, Shvonder, so violently
that Shvonder sat down and wrote a complaint to the local People's Court,
shouting as he did so that he wasn't Sharikov's bodyguard. Poligraph
Poligraphovich was not very popular at the house committee either, as only
yesterday he had taken 7 roubles from the funds, with the excuse that he was
going to buy text books at the co-operative store.
For a reward of 3 roubles Fyodor searched the whole house from top to
bottom. Nowhere was there a trace to be found of Sharikov.
Only one thing was clear - that Poligraph had left at dawn wearing cap,
scarf and overcoat, taking with him a bottle of rowanberry brandy from the
sideboard. Doctor Bormenthal's gloves, and all his own documents. Darya
Petrovna and Zina openly expressed their delight and hoped that Sharikov
would never come back again. Sharikov had borrowed 50 roubles from Darya
Petrovna only the day before.
'Serve you right!' roared Philip Philipovich, shaking his fists. The
telephone rang all that day and all the next day. The doctors saw an unusual
number of patients and by the third day the two men were faced with the
question of what to tell the police, who would have to start looking for
Sharikov in the Moscow underworld.
Hardly had the word 'police' been mentioned than the reverent hush of
Obukhov Street was broken by the roar of a lorry and all the windows in the
house shook. Then with a confident ring at the bell Poligraph Poligraphovich
appeared and entered with an air of unusual dignity. In absolute silence he
took off his cap and hung his coat on the hook. He looked completely
different. He had on a second-hand leather tunic, worn leather breeches and
long English riding-boots laced up to the knee. An incredible odour of cat
immediately permeated the whole hall. As though at an unspoken word of
command Preobrazhensky and Bormenthal simultaneously crossed their arms,
leaned against the doorpost and waited for Poligraph Poligraphovich to make
his first remark. He smoothed down his rough hair and cleared his throat,
obviously wanting to hide his embarrassment by a nonchalant air.
At last he spoke. 'I've taken a job, Philip Philipovich.'
Both doctors uttered a vague dry noise in the throat and stirred
slightly. Preobrazhensky was the first to collect his wits. Stretching out
his hand he said: 'Papers.'
The typewritten sheet read: 'It is hereby certified that the bearer,
comrade Poligraph Poligraphovich Sharikov, is appointed in charge of the
sub-department of the Moscow Cleansing Department responsible for
eliminating vagrant quadrupeds (cats, etc.)'
'I see,' said Philip Philipovich gravely. 'Who fixed this for you? No,
don't tell me - I can guess.'
'Yes, well, it was Shvonder.'
'Forgive my asking, but why are you giving off such a revolting smell?'
Sharikov anxiously sniffed at his tunic.
'Well, it may smell a bit - that's because of my job. I spent all
yesterday strangling cats . . .'
Philip Philipovich shuddered and looked at Bormenthal, whose eyes
reminded him of two black gun-barrels aimed straight at Sharikov. Without
the slightest warning he stepped up to Sharikov and took him in a light,
practised grip around the throat.
'Help!' squeaked Sharikov, turning pale.
'Don't worry, Philip Philipovich, I shan't do anything violent,'
answered Bormenthal in an iron voice and roared:
'Zina and Darya Petrovna!'
The two women appeared in the lobby.
'Now,' said Bormenthal, giving Sharikov's throat a very slight push
toward the fur-coat hanging up on a nearby hook, 'repeat after me: "I
apologise . . ." ' 'All right, I'll repeat it . . .' replied the defeated
Sharikov in a husky
Suddenly he took a deep breath, twisted, and tried to shout 'help', but
no sound came out and his head was pushed right into the fur-coat.
'Doctor, please . . .' Sharikov nodded as a sign that he submitted and
repeat what he had to do.
'. . . I apologise, dear Darya Petrovna and Zinaida? . . .'
"Prokofievna,' whispered Zina nervously.
'Ow . . . Prokofievna . . . that I allowed myself. . .'
'. . .to behave so disgustingly the other night in a state of
'Intoxication . . .'
'I shall never do it again . . .'
'Do it again . . .'
'Let him go, Ivan Arnoldovich,' begged both women at once. 'You're
throttling him. '
Bormenthal released Sharikov and said:
'Is that lorry waiting for you?'
'It just brought me here,' replied Poligraph submissively.
'Zina, tell the driver he can go. Now tell me - have you come back to
Philip Philipovich's flat to stay?'
'Where else can I go?' asked Sharikov timidly, his eyes nickering
around the room.
'Very well. You will be as good as gold and as quiet as a mouse.
Otherwise you will have to reckon with me each time you misbehave.
'I understand,' replied Sharikov.
Throughout Bormenthal's attack on Sharikov Philip Philipovich had kept
silent. He had leaned against the doorpost with a miserable look, chewed his
nails and stared at the floor. Then he suddenly looked up at Sharikov and
asked in a toneless, husky voice:
'What do you do with them ... the dead cats, I mean?' 'They go to a
laboratory,' replied Sharikov, 'where they make them into protein for the
After this silence fell on the flat and lasted for two days. Poligraph
Poligraphovich went to work in the morning by truck, returned in the evening
and dined quietly with Philip Philipovich and Bormenthal.
Although Bormenthal and Sharikov slept in the same room - the
waiting-room - they did not talk to each other, which Bormenthal soon found
Two days later, however, there appeared a thin girl wearing eye shadow
and pale fawn stockings, very embarrassed by the magnificence of the flat.
In her shabby little coat she trotted in behind Sharikov and met the
professor in the hall.
Dumbfounded, the professor frowned and asked:
'Who is this?'
'Me and her's getting married. She's our typist. She's coming to live
with me. Bormenthal will have to move out of the waiting-room. He's got his
own flat,' said Sharikov in a sullen and very off-hand voice.
Philip Philipovich blinked, reflected for a moment as he watched the
girl turn crimson, then invited her with great courtesy to step into his
study for a moment.
'And I'm going with her,' put in Sharikov quickly and suspiciously.
At that moment Bormenthal materialised from the floor.
'I'm sorry,' he said, 'the professor wants to talk to the lady and you
and I are going to stay here.'
'I won't,' retorted Sharikov angrily, trying to follow Philip
Philipovich and the girl. Her face burned with shame.
'No, I'm sorry,' Bormenthal took Sharikov by the wrist and led him into
the consulting-room.
For about five minutes nothing was heard from the study, then suddenly
came the sound of the girl's muffled sobbing.
Philip Philipovich stood beside his desk as the girl wept into a dirty
little lace handkerchief.
'He told me he'd been wounded in the war,' sobbed the girl. 'He's
lying,' replied Philip Philipovich inexorably. He shook his head and went
on. 'I'm genuinely sorry for you, but you can't just go off and live with
the first person you happen to meet at work . . . my dear child, it's
scandalous. Here . . .' He opened a desk drawer and took out three 10-rouble
'I'd kill myself,' wept the girl. 'Nothing but salt beef every day in
the canteen . . . and he threatened me . . . then he said he'd been a Red
Army officer and he'd take me to live in a posh flat . . . kept making
passes at me . . . says he's kind-hearted really, he only hates cats ... He
took my ring as a memento . . .'
'Well, well... so he's kind-hearted ..."... from Granada to Seville . .
.".' muttered Philip Philipovich. 'You'll get over it, my dear. You're still
'Did you really find him in a doorway?'
'Look, I'm offering to lend you this money - take it,' grunted Philip
The door was then solemnly thrown open and at Philip Philipovich's
request Bormenthal led in Sharikov, who glanced shiftily around. The hair on
his head stood up like a scrubbing-brush.
'You beast,' said the girl, her eyes flashing, her mascara running past
her streakily powdered nose.
'Where did you get that scar on your forehead? Try and explain to the
lady,' said Philip Philipovich softly.
Sharikov staked his all on one preposterous card:
'I was wounded at the front fighting against Kolchak,' he barked.
The girl stood up and went out, weeping noisily.
'Stop crying!' Philip Philipovich shouted after her. 'Just a minute -
the ring, please,' he said, turning to Sharikov, who obediently removed a
large emerald ring from his finger.
'I'll get you,' he suddenly said with malice. 'You'll remember me.
Tomorrow I'll make sure they cut your salary.'
'Don't be afraid of him,' Bormenthal shouted after the girl. *I won't
let him do you any harm.' He turned round and gave Sharikov such a look that
he stumbled backwards and hit his head on the glass cabinet.
'What's her surname?' asked Bormenthal. 'Her surname!' he roared,
suddenly terrible.
'Basnetsova,' replied Sharikov, looking round for a way of escape.
'Every day,' said Bormenthal, grasping the lapels of Sharikov's tunic,
'I shall personally make enquiries at the City Cleansing Department to make
sure that you haven't been interfering with citizeness Basnetsova's salary.
And if I find out that you have . . . then I will shoot you down with my own
hands. Take care, Sharikov - I mean what I say.' Transfixed, Sharikov stared
at Bormenthal's nose. 'You're not the only one with a revolver . . .'
muttered Poligraph quietly.
Suddenly he dodged and spurted for the door. 'Take care!' Bormenthal's
shout pursued him as he fled. That night and the following morning were as
tense as the atmosphere before a thunderstorm. Nobody spoke. The next day
Poligraph Poligraphovich went gloomily off to work by lorry, after waking up
with an uneasy presentiment, while Professor Preobrazhensky saw a former
patient, a tall, strapping man in uniform, at a quite abnormal hour. The man
insisted on a consultation and was admitted. As he walked into the study he
politely clicked his heels to the professor.
'Have your pains come back?' asked Philip Philipovich pursing his lips.
'Please sit down.'
'Thank you. No, professor,' replied his visitor, putting down his cap
on the edge of the desk. 'I'm very grateful to you ... No ... I've come,
h'm, on another matter, Philip Philipovich ... in view of the great respect
I feel . . . I've come to ... er, warn you. It's obviously nonsense, of
course. He's simply a scoundrel.' The patient searched in his briefcase and
took out a piece of paper. 'It's a good thing I was told about this right
away . . .'
Philip Philipovich slipped a pince-nez over his spectacles and began to
read. For a long time he mumbled half-aloud, his expression changing every
moment. '. . . also threatening to murder the chairman of the house
committee, comrade Shvonder, which shows that he must be keeping a firearm.
And he makes counter-revolutionary speeches, and even ordered his domestic
worker, Zinaida Prokofievna Bunina, to burn Engels in the stove. He is an
obvious Menshevik and so is his assistant Ivan Arnoldovich Bormenthal who is
living secretly in his flat without being registered. Signed: P. P. Sharikov
Sub-Dept. Controller City Cleansing Dept. Countersigned: Shvonder
Chairman, House Committee. Pestrukhin Secretary, House Committee.
'May I keep this?' asked Philip Philipovich, his face blotchy. 'Or
perhaps you need it so that legal proceedings can be made?'
'Really, professor.' The patient was most offended and blew out his
nostrils. 'You seem to regard us with contempt. I . . .' And he began to
puff himself up like a turkeycock.
'Please forgive me, my dear fellow!' mumbled Philip Philipovich. 'I
really didn't mean to offend you. Please don't be angry. You can't believe
what this creature has done to my nerves . . .'
'So I can imagine,' said the patient, quite mollified. 'But what a
swine! I'd be curious to have a look at him. Moscow is full of stories about
you . . .'
Philip Philipovich could only gesture in despair. It was then that the
patient noticed how hunched the professor was looking and that he seemed to
have recently grown much greyer.


The crime ripened, then fell like a stone, as usually happens. With an
uncomfortable feeling round his heart Poligraph Poligraphovich returned that
evening by lorry. Philip Philipovich's voice invited him into the
consulting-room. Surprised, Sharikov entered and looked first, vaguely
frightened, at Bormenthal's steely face, then at Philip Philipovich. A cloud
of smoke surrounded the doctor's head and his left hand, trembling very
slightly, held a cigarette and rested on the shiny handle of the obstetrical
With ominous calm Philip Philipovich said:
'Go and collect your things at once - trousers, coat, everything you
need - then get out of this flat!'
'What is all this?' Sharikov was genuinely astonished. 'Get out of this
flat - and today,' repeated Philip Philipovich, frowning down at his
An evil spirit was at work inside Poligraph Poligraphovich. It was
obvious that his end was in sight and his time nearly up, but he hurled
himself towards the inevitable and barked in an angry staccato:
'Like hell I will! You got to give me my rights. I've a right to
thirty-seven square feet and I'm staying right here.'
'Get out of this flat,' whispered Philip Philipovich in a strangled
It was Sharikov himself who invited his own death. He raised his left
hand, which stank most horribly of cats, and cocked a snook at Philip
Philipovich. Then with his right hand he drew a revolver on Bormenthal.
Bormenthal's cigarette fell like a shooting star. A few seconds later Philip
Philipovich was hopping about on broken glass and running from the cabinet
to the couch. On it, spreadeagled and croaking, lay a sub-department
controller of the City Cleansing Department; Bormenthal the surgeon was
sitting astride his chest and suffocating him with a small white pad.
After some minutes Bormenthal, with a most unfamiliar look, walked out
on to the landing and stuck a notice beside the doorbell:
The Professor regrets that owing to indisposition he will be unable to
hold consulting hours today. Please do not disturb the Professor by ringing
the bell.
With a gleaming penknife he then cut the bell-cable, inspected his
scratched and bleeding face in the mirror and his lacerated, slightly
trembling hands. Then he went into the kitchen and said to the anxious Zina
and Darya Petrovna:
'The professor says you mustn't leave the fiat on any account.'
'No, we won't,' they replied timidly.
'Now I must lock the back door and keep the key,' said Bormenthal,
sidling round the room and covering his face with his hand. 'It's only
temporary, not because we don't trust you. But if anybody came you might not
be able to keep them out and we mustn't be disturbed. We're busy.'
'All right,' replied the two women, turning pale. Bormenthal locked the
back door, locked the front door, locked the door from the corridor into the
hall and his footsteps faded away into the consulting-room.
Silence filled the flat, flooding into every comer. Twilight crept in,
dank and sinister and gloomy. Afterwards the neighbours across the courtyard
said that every light burned that evening in the windows of Preobrazhensky's
consulting-room and that they even saw the professor's white skullcap ... It
is hard to be sure. When it was all over Zina did say, though, that when
Bormenthal and the professor emerged from the consulting-room, there, by the
study fireplace, Ivan Amoldovich had frightened her to death. It seems he
was squatting down in front of the fire and burning one of the blue-bound
notebooks which contained the medical notes on the professor's patients. The
doctor's face, apparently, was quite green and completely - yes, completely
- scratched to pieces. And that evening Philip Philipovich had been most
peculiar. And then there was another thing - but maybe that innocent girl
from the flat in Prechistenka Street was talking rubbish . . .
One thing, though, was certain: there was silence in the flat that
evening - total, frightening silence.


One night, exactly ten days to the day after the struggle in Professor
Preobrazhensky's consulting-room in his flat on Obukhov Street, there was a
sharp ring of the doorbell.
'Criminal police. Open up, please.'
Footsteps approached, people knocked and entered until a considerable
crowd filled the brightly-lit waiting-room with its newly-glazed cabinet.
There were two in police uniform, one in a black overcoat and carrying a
brief-case; there was chairman Shvonder, pale and gloating, and the youth
who had turned out to be a woman; there was Fyodor the porter, Zina, Darya
Petrovna and Bormenthal, half dressed and embarrassed as he tried to cover
up his tieless neck.
The door from the study opened to admit Philip Philipovich. He appeared
in his familiar blue dressing gown and everybody could tell at once that
over the past week Philip Philipovich had begun to look very much better.
The old Philip Philipovich, masterful, energetic and dignified, now faced
his nocturnal visitors and apologised for appearing in his dressing gown.
'It doesn't matter, professor,' said the man in civilian clothes, in
great embarrassment. He faltered and then said:
'I'm sorry to say we have a warrant to search your flat and' -the men
stared uneasily at Philip Philipovich's moustaches and ended: 'to arrest
you, depending on the results of our search.'
Philip Philipovich frowned and asked:
'What, may I ask, is the charge, and who is being charged?'
The man scratched his cheek and began reading from a piece of paper
from his briefcase.
'Preobrazhensky, Bormenthal, Zinaida Bunina and Darya Ivanova are
charged with the murder of Poligraph Poligraph-ovich Sharikov,
sub-department controller. City of Moscow Cleansing Department.'
The end of his speech was drowned by Zina's sobs. There was general
'I don't understand,' replied Philip Philipovich with a regal shrug.
'Who is this Sharikov? Oh, of course, you mean my dog . . . the one I
operated on?'
'I'm sorry, professor, not a dog. This happened when he was a man.
That's the trouble.'
'Because he talked?' asked Philip Philipovich. 'That doesn't mean he
was a man. Anyhow, it's irrelevant. Sharik is alive at this moment and no
one has killed him.'
'Really, professor?' said the man in black, deeply astonished and
raised his eyebrows. 'In that case you must produce him. It's ten days now
since he disappeared and the evidence, if you'll forgive my saying so, is
most disquieting.'
'Doctor Bormenthal, will you please produce Sharik for the detective,'
ordered Philip Philipovich, pocketing the charge-sheet. Bormenthal went out,
smiling enigmatically.
As he returned he gave a whistle and from the door into the study
appeared a dog of the most extraordinary appearance. In patches he was bald,
while in other patches his coat had grown. He entered like a trained circus
dog walking on his hind legs, then dropped on to all fours and looked round.
The waiting-room froze into a sepulchral silence as tangible as jelly. The
nightmarish-looking dog with the crimson scar on the forehead stood up again
on his hind legs, grinned and sat down in an armchair.
The second policeman suddenly crossed himself with a sweeping gesture
and in stepping back knocked Zina's legs from under her.
The man in black, his mouth still wide open, said:
'What's been going on? ... He worked in the City Cleansing Department .
. .'
'I didn't send him there,' answered Philip Philipovich. 'He was
recommended for the job by Mr Shvonder, if I'm not mistaken.'
'I don't get it,' said the man in black, obviously confused, and turned
to the first policeman. 'Is that him?'
'Yes,' whispered the policeman, 'it's him all right.'
'That's him,' came Fyodor's voice, 'except the little devil's got a bit
'But he talked . . .' the man in black giggled nervously.
'And he still talks, though less and less, so if you want to hear him
talk now's the time, before he stops altogether'.
'But why?' asked the man in black quietly.
Philip Philipovich shrugged his shoulders.
'Science has not yet found the means of turning animals into people. I
tried, but unsuccessfully, as you can see. He talked and then he began to
revert back to his primitive state. Atavism.'
'Don't swear at me,' the dog suddenly barked from his chair and stood
The man in black turned instantly pale, dropped his briefcase and began
to fall sideways. A policeman caught him on one side and Fyodor supported
him from behind. There was a sudden turmoil, clearly pierced by three
Philip Philipovich: 'Give him valerian. He's fainted.'
Doctor Bormenthal: 'I shall personally throw Shvonder downstairs if he
ever appears in Professor Preobrazhensky's flat again.'
And Shvonder said: 'Please enter that remark in the report.'
The grey accordion-shaped radiators hissed gently. The blinds shut out
the thick Prechistenka Street night sky with its lone star. The great, the
powerful benefactor of dogs sat in his chair while Sharik lay stretched out
on the carpet beside the leather couch. In the mornings the March fog made
the dog's head ache, especially around the circular scar on his skull, but
by evening the warmth banished the pain. Now it was easing all the time and
warm, comfortable thoughts flowed through the dog's mind.
I've been very, very lucky, he thought sleepily. Incredibly lucky. I'm
really settled in this flat. Though I'm not so sure now about my pedigree.
Not a drop of labrador blood. She was just a tart, my old grandmother. God
rest her soul. Certainly they cut my head around a bit, but who cares. None
of my business, really.
From the distance came a tinkle of glass. Bormenthal was tidying the
shelves of the cabinet in the consulting-room.
The grey-haired magician sat and hummed: ' ". . . to the banks of the
sacred Nile . . ." '
That evening the dog saw terrible things. He saw the great roan plunge
his slippery, rubber-gloved hands into a jar to fish out a brain; then
relentlessly, persistently the great man pursued his search. Slicing,
examining, he frowned and sang:
' "To the banks of the sacred Nile . . ." '