discoveries change our understanding of the nature of the heavens? (Why
did the Church threaten to torture him unless he recanted?)
- How did the
philosophes apply Newton’s discovery of universal laws governing motion
to the problems of society and government?
- What are the key features of the emerging modern state?
- What is Hobbes’
version of the social contract?
- What was Locke’s
conception of the social contact? (When did he believe citizens had the responsibility to rebel?)
- How does Locke’s
epistemology refute the Church’s idea of original sin and encourage an Enlightened faith in progress?