European Humanities
Spring 2019
Mr. Spragins

Quiz on Modern Consciousness: Nietzsche, Freud, Darwin, Marx
  1. Why did Nietzsche believe that Christian morality’s stress on love, compassion and pity was harmful to man?
  2. Define Nietzsche’s conception of ‘the superman’ who would rescue European culture from Christianity.
  3. According to Freud, what forces drive human behavior?
  4. How did Freud believe that we could probe the unconscious?
  5. Until Darwin published his theories, what did people believe was the origin of the various species on earth?
  6. How does natural selection actually lead to the development of a new species?
  7. Carefully explain how Marx uses the term “dialectical materialism” to describe his theory of historical progress.