European Humanities
Spring 2018
Mr. Spragins

Quiz on Modern Consciousness: Nietzsche, Freud, Darwin, Marx
  1. Why did Nietzsche believe that Christian morality’s stress on love, compassion and pity was harmful to man?
  2. Define Nietzsche’s conception of ‘the superman’ who would rescue European culture from Christianity.
  3. According to Freud, what forces drive human behavior?
  4. How did Freud believe that we could probe the unconscious?
  5. Until Darwin published his theories, what did people believe was the origin of the various species on earth?
  6. What controversial aspects of Darwin’s theories do we still have trouble accepting?
  7. Carefully explain how Marx uses the term “dialectical materialism” to describe his theory of historical progress.