"Dreams of Liberation", ch. 1 (pp. 6-24) of American Slavery...American Freedom (1975) Edmund S. Morgan

Study Guide




Reading Comprehension Questions

Sir Walter Raleigh
Mary Tudor
Phillip II
Elizabeth Tudor

1. What was Sir Walter Raleigh's dream for the Roanoke Colony?

2. Why could the English so readily identify with the victims of Spanish colonialism in the New World?

Sir Francis Drake

the Cimarrons

John Oxenham

3. What motivated adventurers like John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to come to the New World?

4. Who were the Cimarrons, and how did they figure into Sir Francis Drake's strategy to wrest control of the New World from the Spanish? What might have happened to America's subsequent history if he had succeeded, according to Morgan? (thesis!)

5. How did John Oxenham nearly succeed in taking control of the Spanish silver trade out of Peru?

Richard Hakluyt

6. Explain the purpose of Richard Hakluyt's The Principal Navigations of the English Nation.

7. What were the specifics of Hakluyt's first colonization plan? Who did he believe should live in these colonies? How would the natives and the Cimmarons who would provide the labor in the colony be treated?

Peter Martyr

8. From reading Peter Martyr's accounts, what expectations did the English have of their first encounters with the Natives of North America?

Martin Frobisher

9. What was the result of Martin Frobisher's ill-fated Newfoundland expedition?

Sir Humphrey Gilbert

10. Why was Sir Humphrey Gilbert chosen to lead the first Virginia expedition? (What made this choice an ominous one for Raleigh's dream?)

11. How did Gilbert plan to solve the problem of labor in the new colony?

12. What basic miscalculations did Gilbert make in his assumptions about both the Indians and the Englishmen who would populate his colony?

Sir Thomas More


11. Describe Sir Thomas More's vision of utopia.


12. How would the English model, if it had been successfully implemented, have changed American history? Where did this Utopian model go wrong?