Modernist Thought Quiz:


1.           Explain how Marx uses the term “dialectical materialism” to describe his theory of historical progress.

2.           How did Darwin’s theories complete the long process of redefining man’s place in the universe which had begun when Copernicus declared that the earth revolved around the sun?

3.           Why did Freud believe that neurosis is the price we must pay for civilization?

4.           How did Nietzsche believe that ‘the superman’ could rescue European culture from Christian morality and Enlightenment Reason?



What basic similarities exist between all four thinkers’ conceptions of human nature and our place in the universe?