Modernist Thought Quiz:

1.           Explain how Marx uses the term “dialectical materialism” to describe his theory of historical progress.

2.           How did Malthus’ liberal economic theories contribute to Darwin’s development of his principle of natural selection?

3.           Why did Freud believe that neurosis is the price we must pay for civilization?

4.           How did Nietzsche believe that ‘the superman’ could rescue European culture from Christian morality and Enlightenment Reason?



What basic similarities exist between all four thinkers’ conceptions of human nature?